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NCJ Number: 66454 Find in a Library
Title: POLICE PATROL RESEARCH AND ITS UTILIZATION
Journal: POLICE STUDIES  Volume:2  Issue:4  Dated:(WINTER 1980)  Pages:12-21
Author(s): G W CORDNER
Corporate Author: John Jay Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: John Jay Press
New York, NY 10019
Sale Source: John Jay Press
444 West 56th Street
New York, NY 10019
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESEARCH IN POLICE PATROL IS REVEIWED WITH THE CONCLUSION THAT THE INFLUENCE OF RESEARCH DEPENDS GREATLY ON CONCEPTUALIZION OF THE PROBLEM FOR STUDY AND ON CONSIDERATIONS OF KINDS OF ALTERATIVES.
Abstract: A SUMMARY OF SOCIOLOGICAL STUDIES INCLUDES FINDINGS FROM THREE EARLY EFFORTS WHICH SUGGEST THAT PATROL OFFICERS EXERCISE CONSIDERABLE DISCRETION, AND BELONG TO A SUBCULTURE WITH POWERFUL NORMS OF SOLIDARITY AND SECRECY; THE STUDIES CONCLUDE THAT POLICE ARE SOMEWHAT ISOLATED, DEVELOP A WORKING PERSONALITY IN RESPONSE TO THE DEMAND OF DISCRETION, DANGER, AND EFFICIENCY, AND ARE SOCIALIZED IN COMPLEX WAYS BY THEIR ENVIRONMENT. DIFFERENT PATROL WORKLOAD, STUDY METHODS, PROBLEMS OF INTERPRETATION, AND SOME GENERALIZATIONS, HOWEVER, IMPINGE UPON VALIDITY OF THESE FINDINGS. THE KANSAS CITY PREVENTIVE PATROL EXPERIMENT, WHICH CHALLENGES THE ASSUMPTION THAT PREVENTIVE PATROL IS AN EFFECTIVE METHOD OF CRIME DETERRENCE AND DETECTION, IS DISCUSSED, AND FINDINGS OF KANSAS CITY'S REPONSE TIME ANALYSES AND OTHER EFFECTIVENESS STUDIES ARE ANALYZED. THE TEXT VIEWS RESEARCH AS USEFUL BECAUSE OF ITS SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY, PRACTICAL FEASIBILITY, AND INTELLECTUAL IMPACT ON THE GENERAL THOUGHTS AND BELIEFS HELD IN SOCIETY, AND IT IDENTIFIES NEWLY-DEVELOPED POLICE POLICIES AND PROGRAMS THAT SEEM TO BE PARTIALLY RESEARCH-BASED. THESE INCLUDE TEAM POLICING, AND THE LEAA PATROL EMPHASIS PROGRAM (PEP), THE INTEGRATED CRIMINAL APPREHENSION PROGRAM (ICAP), AND THE MANAGING PATROL OPERATIONS (MPO). A CAUTION THAT POLICING KNOWLEDGE IS HIGHLY CONDITIONAL IS DELIVERED, HOWEVER, ALONG WITH NEED FOR COMPARATIVE AND MULTISITE STUDIES AND FOR RESEARCH PROJECT REPLICATIONS TO STRENGTHEN THE VALIDITY OF RESEARCH KNOWLEDGE. NOTES ARE PROVIDED. (AOP)
Index Term(s): Behavioral and Social Sciences; Integrated Criminal Apprehension Program; Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA); Patrol; Police response time; Policing innovation
Note: PRICE QUOTED IS FOR A SINGLE ISSUE.
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66454

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