skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 66457 Find in a Library
Title: LITERARY REVIEW OF THE POLICE SUBCULTURE - ITS CHARACTERISTICS, IMPACT AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS
Journal: POLICE STUDIES  Volume:2  Issue:4  Dated:(WINTER 1980)  Pages:46-54
Author(s): J A CONSER
Corporate Author: John Jay Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: John Jay Press
New York, NY 10019
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE ON POLICE SUBCULTURE IS PRESENTED AND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF POLICE SUBCULTURE ANALYZED AS WELL AS THE SUBCULTURE'S IMPACT ON POLICY DECISIONS.
Abstract: RECENT RESEARCH AND PUBLICATIONS THAT ADDRESS THE POLICE SUBCULTURE WERE ANALYZED. AS DESCRIBED IN THE LITERATURE, THE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK OF THE SUBCULTURE CAN BE DIVIDED INTO FOUR DIMENSIONS--OCCUPATIONAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, POLITICAL, AND SOCIAL. THE OCCUPATIONAL DIMENSION CONSIDERS UNIQUE JOB-RELATED FACTORS THAT AFFECT POLICE OFFICERS INCLUDING ISOLATIONISM, SOLIDARITY, BOREDOM, ANXIETY, DECISIONAL TRAUMA, AND THE NEGATIVE PERCEPTIONS OF CITIZENS. VARIABLES OF DANGER AND AUTHORITY ARE SEEN AS FUNDAMENTAL TO A POLICEMAN'S WORKING PERSONALITY AND THE POLICEMAN'S OCCUPATIONAL ROLE IS DEFINED AS UNIQUE. THE PSYCHOLOGICAL DIMENSION CONCERNS POLICE IDENTITY AND PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT AND THE TRAIT MOST OFTEN MENTIONED IS AUTHORITARIANISM ALONG WITH AGGRESSION, STEREOTYPY, POWER, DESTRUCTIVENESS, AND CONVENTIONALISM. SOME RESEARCHERS NEGATE THIS FINDING, SAYING THERE IS NO TYPICAL POLICE PERSONALITY. THE POLITICAL DIMENSION SUGGESTS THAT POLITICS ARE A FACTOR IN POLICE SUBCULTURE BECAUSE OF THE STYLE OF POLICING ENCOURAGED THROUGH THE ENFORCEMENT OF RULE, REGULATIONS, AND POLICIES AND THROUGH THE ENFORCEMENT OF RULE, REGULATIONS, AND POLICIES AND THROUGH DISCRETION. THE SOCIAL DIMENSION INCLUDES THE CULTIVATION OF POLICE SOLIDARITY AND TYPE OF COMMUNITY WHERE THE POLICEMAN WORKS. POLICE ARE SEEN AS MIRRORIING THE COMMUNITY--IN VIOLENCE AS IN OTHER TRAITS. IDENTITY OF SUBCULTURAL TRAITS AND THEIR IMPACT SHOULD BE VIEWED FROM A JURISDICTIONAL RATHER THAN A JURISDICTIONAL RATHER THAN A UNIVERSALISTIC VIEWPOINT. THE POLICE SUBCULTURE DOES HAVE A DELETERIOUS EFFECT ON POLICE-CITIZEN RELATIONS AND HELPS TO PERPETUATE AND MAINTAIN THE NEGATIVE PERCEPTIONS THAT EXIST BETWEEN POLICE AND CITIZENS. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS ARE GIVEN INCLUDING COMMITMENT TO A MORE OPEN SYSTEM POLICE ORGANIZATION; A GREATER UNDERSTANDING OF THE ROLE OF THE OFFICER IN POLICING THE COMMUNITY; EMPHASIS AT TRAINING ACADEMIES ON THE POLICE SUBCULTURE; RECOGNITION OF INTEGRITY AND ETHICAL STANDRDS IN POLICE WORK; AND A COMMITMENT TO EXCELLENT SUPERVISION. REFERENCES ARE CITED. (MJW)
Index Term(s): Police community relations; Police effectiveness; Police occupational stress; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Role perception; Subculture theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66457

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.