skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 66465 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: DRINKING-DRIVER PROBLEM - WHAT CAN BE DONE ABOUT IT?
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: US Comptroller General
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 62
Sponsoring Agency: Azimuth Inc.
Fairmont, WV 26554
US Comptroller General
Washington, DC 20548
Sale Source: Azimuth Inc.
1000 Technology Drive, Suite 3120
Fairmont, WV 26554
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: DESPITE LOCAL, FEDERAL, AND STATE PROGRAMS TO COUNTERACT IT, DRINKING-DRIVER PROBLEMS SEEM TO PERSIST PRIMARILY BECAUSE OF SOCIETY'S GENERAL ACCEPTANCE OF DRINKING AND DRIVING.
Abstract: THE NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION (NHTSA) AND ITS REGIONAL OFFICES WERE REVIEWED. FURTHER INFROMATION WAS OBTAINED BY SURVEY FROM STATE AND LOCAL OFFICIALS IN ALL 50 STATES AND PUERTO RICO AND FROM OFFICIALS IN CANADA, NORWAY, GREAT BRITAIN, AND AUSTRALIA. FROM THE DATA, THE GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE (GAO) ASSESSED RECENT ACTIONS TO COMBAT DRINKING-DRIVER PROBLEMS, ACKNOWLEDGED OBSTACLES TO COUNTERMEASURES, AND IDENTIFIED IMMEDIATE AND LONG-TERM STEPS TO EFFECT IMPROVEMENTS. STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT EFFORTS HAVE INVOLVED SPECIAL PATROLS TO DETECT AND APPREHEND DRINKING DRIVERS, EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS TO INCREASE PUBLIC AWARENESS, AND REHABILITATION PROGRAMS TO REDUCE RECIDIVISM. SPECIALIZED EQUIPMENT DETECTS AND PROSECUTES DRINKING DRIVERS AND TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE PERSONNEL ENHANCES THEIR COMMITMENT TO COMBATING THE PROBLEM. LAWS ALSO PENALIZE THOSE WHO SERVE INTOXICATED INDIVIDUALS. MAJOR FEDERAL EFFORTS INCLUDE THE HIGHWAY SAFETY ACT OF 1966 AND THE ALCOHOL SAFETY ACTION PROJECTS. THE LATTER INTEGRATED MANY STATE AND LOCAL ACTIVITIES; BETWEEN 1971 AND 1978, 35 AASP PROJECTS WERE CONDUCTED NATIONWIDE. THESE PROJECTS HELPED TO INCREASE PUBLIC AWARENESS, ARRESTS, CONVICTIONS, AND REFERRALS TO REHABILITATION, AND DECREASED THE NUMBER OF ALCOHOL-INVOLVED NIGHTTIME FATALITIES. HOWEVER, SOCIAL ACCEPTABILITY AND USE OF ALCOHOL IS STILL AN OBSTACLE. EVALUATION METHODS, INCREASED JUDICIAL SUPPORT, EFFECTIVE PENAL METHODS, AND FEDERAL LEADERSHIP ARE NEEDED. CONTINUING AND INCREASED SUPPORT SHOULD BE GIVEN BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (DOT) FOR COORDINATED STATE EFFORTS, PUBLIC EDUCATION, RESEARCH ON ALCOHOL ABUSE, TRAINING AND EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS FOR JUSTICE SYSTEM PERSONNEL, AND REHABILITATION PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT. BRIEF REPORTS ARE PRESENTED FROM CANADA, NORWAY, GREAT BRITAIN, AND AUSTRALIA REGARDING THEIR DRINKING-DRIVER PROGRAMS. THE SURVEY QUESTIONNAIRE IS APPENDED. (MHP)
Index Term(s): Alcohol-Related Offenses; Australia; Canada; Crime specific countermeasures; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Federal programs; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Local government; Norway; State regulations; State-by-state analyses; Surveys; Traffic accidents
Note: THERE IS A CHARGE FOR MORE THAN ONE COPY REPORT OF THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES TO CONGRESS
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66465

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.