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NCJ Number: 66500 Find in a Library
Title: NOWHERE BOYS - A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF OPEN AND CLOSED RESIDENTIAL PLACEMENT
Author(s): C PETRIE
Corporate Author: Saxon House
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 178
Sponsoring Agency: Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
Saxon House
Farnborough, Hants, United Kingdom
Sale Source: Lexington Books
866 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10022
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: A COMPARISON STUDY OF BOYS FROM THE 'OPEN' WING AND THOSE FROM THE HIGH-SECURITY UNIT OF THE SAME COMPULSORY RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL IN SCOTLAND WAS MADE TO ASCERTAIN DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE GROUPS AND THEIR CIRCUMSTANCES.
Abstract: THE RECORDS OF 100 CONSECUTIVE CASES WERE STUDIED IN EACH GROUP OF DELINQUENT BOYS. WHILE THE PURPOSE OF THE ENTIRE SCHOOL IS TO MEET THE REHABILITATIVE AND TREATMENT NEEDS OF CHILDREN UNDER 16 REQUIRING RESIDENTIAL PLACEMENT, THE SECURITY WING WAS DESIGNED TO HOLD 'DIFFICULT, DANGEROUS AND DISRUPTIVE' BOYS WITH WHOM OTHER SCHOOLS COULD NOT COPE. JUVENILES IN THE CLOSED WING CAN BE ACCEPTED FROM 12.5 YEARS OF AGE WHILE THOSE IN THE OPEN SCHOOL ARE A LEAST 14 AND A HALF. THE AVERAGE LENGTH OF STAY IN RESIDENTIAL PLACEMENT IS 10 TO 11 MONTHS. MORE BOYS IN THE OPEN WING WERE COMMITTED THROUGH A SOCIAL WORK PROCEDURE OF HEARINGS DEALING WITH DELINQUENTS IN NEED OF TREATMENT, WHILE MORE BOYS IN THE SECURE WING CAME THROUGH JUVENILE COURTS. THE STUDY CONSIDERED SUCH SOCIOECONOMIC ASPECTS AS FAMILY CONDITIONS, DELINQUENT SIBLINGS, RELIGION, PARENTAL EMPLOYMENT, AND THE GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF CASES. THE BOYS THEMSELVES WERE STUDIED IN TERMS OF THEIR OFFENSES, PREVIOUS PLACEMENTS, AND RELATIONSHIPS WITH STAFF AND PEERS. IN ADDITION, A FOLLOWUP WAS DONE CONCERNING THE BOYS' SUBSEQUENT SCHOOL AND DELINQUENT CAREERS. RESULTS SHOWED THAT THE BOYS IN THE SECURITY WING WERE SIGNIFICANTLY DIFFERENT FROM THE OTHER GROUP WITH REGARD ONLY TO PREVIOUS COMMITTMENT IN INSTITUTIONS SUCH AS CHILDREN'S HOMES, HOSPITALS, FOSTER HOMES, ASSESSMENT CENTERS, AND EVEN PRISONS. PRIOR TO ENTRY IN THE SCHOOL STUDIES, BOTH GROUPS HAD A SIMILAR NUMBER OF THEFT OFFENSES (90 PERCENT). NO ONE IN EITHER GROUP HAD A RECORD OF SERIOUS OFFENSES SUCH AS MURDER OR MANSLAUGHTER. BOTH GROUPS CONTAINED A SMALL NUMBER OF BOYS COMMITTED FOR TRUANCY WITHOUT OFFENSE AND A FEW WHO WERE MENTALLY HANDICAPPED. THE REASON FOR COMMITMENT IN THE SECURITY WING WAS THE BOYS' PREVIOUS REFUSAL TO STAY IN CUSTODY AT OTHER OPEN INSTITUTIONS. THE GROUPS WERE VERY SIMILAR IN ALL OTHER RESPECTS, SUCH AS LOW SOCIOECONOMIC BACKGROUND, DISRUPTED FAMILIES, AVERAGE INTELLIGENCE, AND ACADEMIC UNDERACHIEVEMENT. THE FOLLOWUP SHOWED THAT ALMOST HALF OF THE BOYS FROM THE SECURITY WING WERE RECONVICTED WITHIN 2 MONTHS AFTER RELEASE, WHILE THOSE FROM THE OPEN SCHOOL REACHED THE SAME NUMBER OF RECONVICTIONS WITHIN 6 MONTHS. TABULAR DATA, FIGURES, A BIBLIOGRAPHY, AND AN INDEX ARE PROVIDED. (MRK)
Index Term(s): Facility security; Juvenile adjudication; Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile court procedures; Juvenile rehabilitation; Male juvenile delinquents; Scotland; Secure juvenile units/facilities
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66500

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