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NCJ Number: 66532 Find in a Library
Title: ORGANIZED CRIME - CHALLENGE TO THE AMERICAN LEGAL SYSTEM, PART 3 - LEGAL ANTIDOTES FOR THE POLITICAL CORRUPTION INDUCED BY ORGANIZED CRIME
Journal: JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW, CRIMINOLOGY, AND POLICE SCIENCE  Volume:54  Issue:2  Dated:(JUNE 1963)  Pages:127-145
Author(s): E JOHNSON
Corporate Author: Williams and Wilkins Co
United States of America
Date Published: 1963
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Williams and Wilkins Co
Baltimore, MD 21202
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE LEGAL COUNTERMEASURES AVAILABLE TO MINIMIZE THE EFFECTS OF POLITICAL CORRUPTION ON THE PROSECUTION OF ORGANIZED CRIME ARE IDENTIFIED AND DISCUSSED.
Abstract: TECHNIQUES FOR INITIATING LEGAL ACTION AGAINST ORGANIZED CRIME DESPITE CORRUPTION AMONG LOCAL PROSECUTORS INCLUDE THE SUBSTITUTION OF A COURT-APPOINTED SPECIAL PROSECUTOR, THE STATE ATTORNEY GENERAL, PRIVATE PERSONS, OR THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN PLACE OF THE CORRUPT OFFICIAL. PUBLIC OFFICIALS REALIZE THAT THEY ARE VULNERABLE TO VARIOUS CONSEQUENCES SHOULD THEY SUCCUMB TO CORRUPTING INFLUENCES. IF THE LAW MAKES THE CONSEQUENCES SEVERE, THEY MAY OUTWEIGH THE PERCEIVED REWARDS OF CORRUPTION. EFFECTIVE CIVIL AND CRIMINAL SANCTIONS SHOULD BE TAILORED TO THE SERIOUSNESS OF OFFICIAL CORRUPTION. ANOTHER TECHNIQUE FOR MINIMIZING THE EFFECTS OF IMPROPER OFFICIAL BEHAVIOR IS TO PROVIDE CLOSER SUPERVISION OF CORRUPTIBLE ELEMENTS OF THE LAW ENFORCEMENT BODY BY RELATIVELY INCORRUPTIBLE ELEMENTS. ALSO, LAWS WHICH REDUCE THE DEPENDENCE OF ONE LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIAL ON FELLOW OFFICERS IN BRINGING A CASE TO A SUCCESSFUL CONCLUSION WOULD REDUCE THE POWER THAT ANY ONE CORRUPT OFFICIAL, NO MATTER HOW HIGHLY PLACED, COULD HAVE UPON THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESS. THE SUCCESS OF ANY OVERALL EFFORT AGAINST ORGANIZED CRIME MUST DEPEND UPON A FRAMEWORK OF LAW THAT ATTACKS THE STRUCTURED AND VOLUMINOUS CHARACTER OF ORGANIZED CRIME, WHETHER THE OFFENSE. THIS COULD BE DONE BY PROVIDING MORE SEVERE SANCTIONS FOR THOSE WHO COMMIT AN OFFENSE AS PART OF A LARGE-SCALE, ORGANIZED CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Corruption of public officials; Crime specific countermeasures; Organized crime; Prosecutors
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66532

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