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NCJ Number: 66560 Find in a Library
Title: COMMUNITY POLICING
Author(s): E B SCHAFFER
Corporate Author: Croom Helm Ltd
2-10 St John's Road
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 145
Sponsoring Agency:
London, SW 11, England
Sale Source: Croom Helm Ltd
2-10 St John's Road
London, SW 11,
United Kingdom
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: SCOTLAND'S PIONEER EFFORTS IN COMMUNITY POLICING ARE HIGHLIGHTED, AND INNOVATIVE POLICE PROGRAMS IN BRITAIN AND EUROPE ARE DESCRIBED. THE NEED FOR IMPROVED POLICE TRAINING IN COMMUNITY RELATIONS IS EMPHASIZED.
Abstract: FACED WITH INCREASE CRIME RATES STEMMING FROM COMPLEX CAUSES, BRITISH POLICE HAVE RESPONDED WITH PROGRAMS OF PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL CRIME PREVENTION THAT INCREASINGLY DEPEND ON COMMUNITY SUPPORT FOR THEIR SUCCESS. YET THE GROWTH OF LARGE ANONYMOUS URBAN AREAS AND THE TRADITIONAL EMPHASIS ON THE POLICE LAW ENFORCEMENT ROLE ARE SEEN AS CREATING BARRIERS RATHER THAN BRIDGES BETWEEN THE POLICE AND COMMUNITY. THIS TEXT OUTLINES LEGISLATIVE AND POLICE JUVENILE DELINQUENCY PREVENTION EFFORTS IN CHAPTERS DESCRIBING THE MECHANISM OF POLICE CAUTION OR WARNING, JUVENILE LIAISON PROGRAMS, AND THE 1968 SOCIAL WORK ACT WHICH INTEGRATED ALL SOCIAL SERVICES IN SCOTLAND UNDER A SINGLE SOCIAL WORK DEPARTMENT. PROGRAMS TO IMPROVE POLICE-COMMUNITY RELATIONS IN HIGH-CRIME URBAN AREAS IN SCOTLAND AND IN SWEDEN AND TO HELP ESTABLISH A CAR AND BIKE REPAIR CENTER FOR JUVENILE OFFENDERS IN NORWAY ARE DESCRIBED. BRITISH SCHOOL LIAISON UNITS, POLICE TEACHING KITS, AND POLICE SPECIAL PROJECTS AIMED AT THE NON-ACHIEVER ARE DETAILED. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT PRESENT TRAINING DOES NOT ADEQUATELY PREPARE POLICE TO COMMUNICATE WITH THE PUBLIC. BETTER RECRUITMENT, TRAINING, AND IMPROVED POLICE AND COMMUNITY SUPPORT OF LIAISON OFFICERS ARE NEEDED IF COMMUNITY POLICING IS TO BE EFFECTIVE. A BIBLIOGRAPHY AND APPENDIXES INCLUDING CASE HISTORIES, CHARTS OF THE SOCIAL WORK ACT OF 1968 (SCOTLAND) AND THE STRATHCLYDE POLICE YOUTH ADVISORY SERVICE, SUSSEX POLICE, SCHOOL LIAISON, AND CONCLUSIONS OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE THIRD CRIMINOLOGICAL COLLOQUIUM OF 1978 ARE GIVEN. (AOP)
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Crime prevention measures; Deterrence effectiveness; England; High visibility patrol; Norway; Police community relations; Police crime-prevention; Police juvenile relations; Police school relations; Proactive police units; Scotland; Sweden
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66560

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