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NCJ Number: 66568 Find in a Library
Title: METROPOLITAN POLICE AND THE NEWS MEDIA (FROM BRITISH POLICE, 1979, BY SIMON HOLDAWAY - SEE NCJ-66561)
Author(s): S CHIBNALL
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: CLOSE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE LONDON POLICE AND THE PRESS SINCE 1919, GREW STRAINED IN THE 1960'S BECAUSE OF POLICE SCANDALS. HOWEVER, A NEW POLICE COMMISSIONER HAS SINCE IMPROVED THESE RELATIONS.
Abstract: THE TROUBLED MARRIAGE BETWEEN THE LONDON POLICE AND THE PRESS WAS BEGUN IN 1919 WHEN A PRESS ROOM WAS OPENED FOR THE FIRST TIME AT SCOTLAND YARD. BUT FEARING LEAKS THAT MIGHT LEAD TO PUBLIC SCANDALS, THE POLICE CONTINUED TO BE HOSTILE TO THE PRESS. HOWEVER, SUBSEQUENT FAVORABLE PUBLICITY FOR POLICE, AND THEIR GROWING AWARENESS THAT THE PRESS HELPED FORM THEIR PUBLIC IMAGE WERE FACTORS THAT HAD IMPROVED PRESS-POLICE RELATIONS BY THE MID-1940'S. BY THE 1960'S, HOWEVER, EMPHASIS BY THE PRESS ON INNOVATION AND VITALITY, BEGAN TO UNDERMINE THEIR ACCEPTANCE OF THE TRADITIONAL POLICE IMAGE, WHICH THE POLICE, IN TURN, INTERPRETED AS AN ANTIPOLICE MOOD. MADE WORSE BY A 1968 PRESS EXPOSE OF POLICE CORRUPTION, POLICE-PRESS RELATIONS CONTINUED TO DETERIORATE INTO THE EARLY 1970'S. FEAR OF BOTH A PRESS RELATIONS CRISIS AND A HUGE POLICE CORRUPTION SCANDAL LED TO THE APPOINTMENT OF SIR ROBERT MARK AS METROPOLITAN POLICE COMMISSIONER. MARK IMMEDIATELY SET TO WORK TO MAKE PEACE BETWEEN THE POLICE AND THE PRESS AS WELL AS TO INSTITUTE POLICE REFORMS. MARK EXPLAINED THAT POLICE CORRUPTION WAS A RESULT OF AN INAPPROPRIATE POLICING SYSTEM EXACERBATED BY AN INADEQUATE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM WHICH TEMPTED POLICE TO BREAK RULES TO CONVICT CRIMINALS. HE ALSO REESTABLISHED PRESS-POLICE LINKS TO ENSURE A POSITIVE POLICE IMAGE AND TO CREATE FAVORABLE PROPAGANDA FOR THE POLICE. THEREFORE, SUBSEQUENT POLICE SCANDALS HUSHED UP BY MARK CAUSED REPORTERS TO ACCUSE HIM OF MANIPULATING THE NEWS. THE NEW POLICE-PRESS SYSTEM CREATED BY MARK DISCOURAGES INFORMAL REPORTER-POLICE RELATIONS IN FAVOR OF FORMAL CHANNELS TO MINIMIZE LEAKS, THEREFORE ENSURING THAT CERTAIN INFORMATION WILL BE DENIED THE PUBLIC. (PAP)
Index Term(s): England; Media coverage; Media support; Police reform; Press relations; Public information
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66568

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