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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 66579 Find in a Library
Title: ALTERNATIVES TO INPRISONMENT - REMOVAL FROM COURT JURISDICTION, MEDIATION, RESTITUTION, COMMUNITY SERVICE REGULATIONS, AND COMMUNITY RESIDENTIAL CENTERS - CANADA
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: University of Ottawa
Dept of Criminology
Canada
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 45
Sponsoring Agency: University of Ottawa
Ottawa, Ontario K1Y 1E5, Canada
Format: Document
Language: French
Country: Canada
Annotation: THE PRINCIPLE ALTERNATIVES TO IMPRISONMENT IN CANADA (REMOVAL FROM COURT JURISDICTION, MEDIATION, RESTITUTION, COMMUNITY SERVICE, AND COMMUNITY RESIDENTIAL CENTERS) ARE ADVOCATED.
Abstract: THESE ALTERNATIVES ARE NEEDED BECAUSE OF CLASS DISCRIMINATION IN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS; LEGISLATIVE, JUDICIAL AND PENAL INFLATION; AND PUBLIC DISSATISFACITON WITH SUBSTITUTION OF THE STATE FOR OTHER INSTITUTIONS SUCH AS THE FAMILY, CHURCH, AND COMMUNITY. ALTERNATIVES TO IMPRISONMENT MAY TAKE THE FORM OF RESTRICTIONS ON FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT (E.G., WORK RELEASE) WITH RETURN TO THE PRISON OVERNIGHT OR ON WEEKENDS; FINES, INDEMNIFICATION OF VICTIMS, OR GENERAL CONFISCATION BY THE STATE; PUBLIC HUMILIATION, INCLUDING REPRIMANDS, DEGRADATION, REVOCATION OF RIGHTS, AND PHYSICAL PUNISHMENT; SUSPENDED SENTENCES WITH PROBATION; AND MEASURES FOR RESOLVING CONFLICTS OUTSIDE THE JUSTICE SYSTEM. REMOVAL OF OFFENSES FROM COURT JURISDICTION MAY INVOLVE DECRIMINALIZATION OF CERTAIN BEHAVIOR, AVOIDANCE OF COURTS THROUGH DISCRETIONARY POLICE POWERS, AND AND IMPRISONMENT ALTERNATIVES. THE BRONX NEIGHBORHOOD YOUTH DIVERSION PROGRAM, THE PHILADELPHIA NEIGHBORHOOD YOUTH RESOURCE CENTER, THE COORDINATION COUNCIL FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN NEW YORK, AND SPECIAL PROGRAMS IN QUEBEC AND ONTARIO ILLUSTRATE THIS ALTERNATIVE. MEDIATION, I.E., ARBITRATION BETWEEN TWO PARTIES TO FIND AN ACCEPTABLE COMPROMISE, ALLOWS PROBLEMS TO BE RESOLVED WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. RESTITUTION SERVES THE PURPOSE OF REIMBURSING VICTIMS FOR FINANCIAL, PHYSICAL, AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DAMAGES, AS EXAMPLES OF RESTITUTION PROJECTS IN QUEBEC AND ONTARIO SHOW. COMMUNITY SERVICE SENTENCES HAVE JUST BEEN INTRODUCED IN CANADA AND ARE ONLY CONSIDERED FOR CRIMES PUNISHABLE BY IMPRISONMENT. COMMUNITY RESIDENTIAL CENTERS ARE DESIGNED TO FURNISH COUNSELING AND OTHER SOCIAL REINTEGRATION SERVICES AND FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE WHICH WILL HELP EX-CONVICTS OR EARLY-RELEASE PRISONERS ADJUST TO EVERYDAY REALITY. THE ADVANTAGES OF THESE ALTERNATIVE PENALTIES ARE THEIR HUMANE NATURE, THEIR LOW COST, AND THEIR LEVEL OF EFFECTIVENESS WHICH EQUALS THAT OF IMPRISONMENT. DECENTRALIZATION OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE AND COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT ARE ALSO REQUIRED FOR SUCCESSFUL ALTERNATIVE PENALTIES. --FRENCH. (KMD)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Canada; Community-based corrections (adult); Halfway houses; Incest; Probation; Restitution programs; Supervised liberty; Work release
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66579

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