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NCJ Number: 66599 Find in a Library
Title: PREVENTION MODEL FOR STRESS REDUCTION - A CONCEPT PAPER
Journal: JOURNAL OF POLICE SCIENCE AND ADMINISTRATION  Volume:8  Issue:1  Dated:(MARCH 1980)  Pages:54-60
Author(s): R E FARMER; L H MONAHAN
Corporate Author: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
Alexandria, VA 22314
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A PREVENTION MODEL, CONSISTING OF INDIVIDUAL CONTROL TECHNIQUES AND PEER-GROUP SUPPORT, IS PROPOSED TO HELP POLICE PERSONNEL COPE WITH MODERATE STRESS LEVELS.
Abstract: SPECIFIC SOURCES OF STRESS TO THE INDIVIDUAL POLICE OFFICER, AS INDICATED BY RECENT RESEARCH, INCLUDE DEPARTMENT ADMINISTRATION, COURTS, COMMUNITY RELATIONS, EQUIPMENT, LINE OF DUTY/CRISIS SITUATIONS, CHANGING SHIFT ROUTINES, AND ISOLATION/BOREDOM/INACTIVITY. MANIFESTATIONS OF STRESS MAY RANGE FROM ALCOHOLISM, HEART DISORDERS, AND ULCERS TO SEVERE PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS. THE INTERVENTION MODEL, DEVELOPED BY A NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENTS NOTICING HIGH RATES OF ABSENTEEISM, OFF AND ON-DUTY INJURIES, ETC., CONSISTS OF FORMAL AND INFORMAL PSYCHOLOGICAL COUNSELING FOR POLICE IN HIGH-STRESS ROLES, SUFFERS FROM THE DISADVANTAGES OF A 'COUNSELING MODEL,' AND DOES NOT PROVIDE FOR PREVENTIVE MEASURES THAT SHOULD BE AVAILABLE TO INDIVIDUAL POLICE OFFICERS TO COPE WITH MODERATE STRESS WITHOUT REQUIRING ADMISSION OF A PROBLEM. THE PREVENTION MODEL, PROPOSED TO FILL THIS GAP, IS DIVIDED INTO TWO MAJOR AREAS: 1) INDIVIDUAL CONTROL TECHNIQUES, AND 2) PEER GROUP INTERACTION. INDIVIDUAL CONTROL TECHNIQUES, WELL-SUITED TO THE DYNAMICS OF POLICE WORK AND CAPABLE OF BEING USED ON AN INDIVIDUAL BASIS, INCLUDE SYSTEMATIC RELAXATION, TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION, ZEN, YOGA, AND BIOFEEDBACK. PEER-GROUP INTERACTION CAN BE IMPLEMENTED BY INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION TRAINING, WHICH WOULD INVOLVE THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE POLICE OFFICERS' ABILITY TO LISTEN EFFECTIVELY, TO VERBALIZE FEELINGS IN NONTHREATENING WAYS, TO SOLVE PROBLEMS, AND TO VIEW THEMSELVES AS POTENTIALLY HELPFUL PERSONS TO COLLEAGUES. THE POLICE OFFICER'S FAMILY CAN ALSO PROVIDE PEER-GROUP SUPPORT PRIMARILY BY OPEN COMMUNICATION AMONG FAMILY MEMBERS IN ORDER TO HEIGHTEN AWARENESS OF POLICE WORK STRESSES. EMPIRICAL VALIDATION THROUGH RESEARCH STUDIES OF THE PREVENTION MODEL'S HYPOTHESES IS RECOMMENDED. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (DEG)
Index Term(s): Guided group interaction; Mental health services; Police occupational stress; Self-help therapy
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66599

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