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NCJ Number: 66633 Find in a Library
Title: SOVIET AND YUGOSLAVIAN CRIMINOLOGY
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE AND APPLIED CRIMINAL JUSTICE  Volume:3  Issue:2  Dated:(FALL 1979)  Pages:143-156
Author(s): L SHELLEY
Corporate Author: Wichita State University
Dept of Admin of Justice
Journal Editor
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Wichita State University
Wichita, KS 67208
Sale Source: Wichita State University
Dept of Admin of Justice
Journal Editor
Box 95
Wichita, KS 67208
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: YUGOSLAVIA AND THE SOVIET UNION HAVE CREATED VERY DIFFERENT CRIMINOLOGIES IN THE POSTWAR (WORLD WAR II) PERIOD. THESE DIFFERENCES ARE APPARENT IN TERMS OF QUALITY, DIVERSITY OF SUBJECTS, AND ANALYTICAL ABILITY.
Abstract: YUGOSLAVIA AND THE SOVIET UNION HAVE CONTRASTING ATTITUDES TOWARDS THEIR SCHOLARS AND THE TYPE OF RESEARCH THEY ARE PERMITTED TO CONDUCT. WHILE THE SOVIET UNION ENFORCES SCHOLARLY INSULARITY, YUGOSLAVIAN SCHOLARS ARE ALLOWED TO GO OUTSIDE THEIR COUNTRY FOR RESEARCH IDEAS AND SUPPORT. SOVIET AND YUGOSLAVIAN CRIMINOLOGY DIFFER SIGNIFICANTLY IN REGARD TO ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE, INTERNAL DISTRIBUTION OF RESEARCH CENTERS, THE TRAINING AND AFFILIATION OF CRIMINOLOGISTS, AND THE PURPOSE AND NATURE OF CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH. THESE DIFFERENCES ARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE HISTORICAL HERITAGE OF THE CRIMINOLOGISTS, THE EXTENT OF INTELLECTUAL FREEDOM ALLOWED RESEARCHERS, THE DEGREE OF IDEOLOGICAL COMMITMENT, AND THE PARTICULAR STRUCTURAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS UNIQUE TO EACH OF THESE COUNTRIES. THE HIGHLY IDEOLOGICAL SOVIET CRIMINOLOGISTS, WHO ARE TRAINED AS LAWYERS AND ARE PRESENTLY AFFILIATED WITH LEGAL INSTITUTIONS AND THE RESEARCH INSTITUTES OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCIES, HAVE PRODUCED A CRIMINOLOGY THAT HAS BENEFITED LITTLE FROM INTERNAL RESEARCH OR EXTERNAL INTELLECTUAL AND INFORMATIONAL EXCHANGES. IN CONTRAST, YUGOSLAVIA HAS PRODUCED A SMALLER, THOUGH MORE SOPHISTICATED, CRIMINOLOGICAL COMMUNITY THAT DRAWS SCHOLARS FROM LAW AND THE SOCIAL SCIENCES. IT HAS DEVELOPED INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED SCHOLARS AS A RESULT OF THEIR ACCESS TO EXTENSIVE DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN RESEARCH MATERIALS AND THEIR GENERALLY UNRESTRICTED INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT. FOR EACH COUNTRY, DETAILED INFORMATION IS PROVIDED ON HISTORICAL BACKGROUND, GEOGRAPHY (LOCATION OF RESEARCH FACILITIES), TRAINING, RESEARCH PURPOSES, RESEARCH INTERESTS, AND PUBLICATIONS. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--PRG)
Index Term(s): Criminology; Eastern Europe; Marxism; Political influences; Research; Research methods; Research uses in policymaking; Socialism; Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR); Yugoslavia
Note: PRICE QUOTED IS FOR SINGLE ISSUE.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66633

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