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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 66636 Find in a Library
Title: ORGANIZED CRIME IN AFRICA
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE AND APPLIED CRIMINAL JUSTICE  Volume:3  Issue:2  Dated:(FALL 1979)  Pages:177-183
Author(s): J S E OPOLOT
Corporate Author: Wichita State University
Dept of Admin of Justice
Journal Editor
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Wichita State University
Wichita, KS 67208
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE EXTENT TO WHICH ALL CRIME, BOTH THAT COMMITTED BY ADULTS AND JUVENILES, AND IN PARTICULAR CERTAIN TYPES OF ORGANIZED CRIME, HAS SURFACED IN THE 1960'S AND 1970'S IN THE NEW STATES OF AFRICA IS EXAMINED.
Abstract: THE DISCUSSION DEFINES ORGANIZED CRIME IN THE AFRICAN CONTEXT AS A CRIMINAL CONSPIRACY TO MAKE QUICK MONEY THROUGH EXPLOITATION OF BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES, CORRUPT PRACTICES, RELATIVE LACK OF LAW ENFORCEMENT, OR POLITICAL INSTABILITY. ITS PERPETRATORS INCLUDE: 1) BUSINESS PERSONS AND WELL-PLACED PUBLIC OFFICIALS WHO USE THEIR POSITION TO CRIMINAL ADVANTAGE, 2) 'SHADY' BUSINESSPERSONS WHO ARE CLOSELY CONNECTED WITH CRIMINAL WORKS AND WELL-PLACED OFFICIALS, AND 3) CRIMINAL OPERATORS WHOSE ACTIVITIES EXTEND TO HIGHWAY ROBBERY, ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION, SMUGGLING OF GOODS, DRUG TRAFFIC, AND POACHING. THE DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF AMERICAN AND WEST EUROPEAN ORGANIZED CRIME ARE BRIEFLY DESCRIBED AND COMPARED TO AFRICAN TYPES OF ORGANIZED CRIME. IT IS CLAIMED THAT NORTH AFRICAN ARAB DESERT SMUGGLERS RESEMBLE THE CLOSED NATIONAL GROUPS AND GANGS OF WEST EUROPEAN ORGANIZED CRIME. THE SMUGGLING OF DIAMONDS IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES, THE SMUGGLING OF COFFEE IN UGANDA AND KENYA, POACHING BY SOMALI ROVING BANDS, AND THE SMUGGLING OF CATTLE IN WEST AFRICA ARE ALL LIKENED TO A TYPE OF WEST EUROPEAN ORGANIZED CRIME CHARACTERIZED BY MIXED GROUPS IN WHICH ONE NATIONALITY IS PREDOMINANT. IN ADDITION, AFRICAN CRIME HAS HAD NOTORIOUS FIGURES, JUST AS THE CRIMINAL SCENE IN THE UNITED STATES DOES. HOWEVER, THERE IS LITTLE EVIDENCE OF TRIBAL SUCCESSIONS AND RING LEADERS IN AFRICAN CRIME--UNLIKE THE ETHNIC SUCCESSION CHARACTERISTIC OF ORGANIZED CRIME OPERATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THE TASK OF AFRICAN CRIMINOLOGY IS TO LINK THE STUDY OF BOTH GENERAL CRIME AND ORGANIZED CRIME WITH THE LARGER PURSUIT OF NATION BUILDING, THEREBY AIDING IN THE STRUGGLE TO ESTABLISH VIABLE PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS AND POLITICAL LEADERSHIP. REFERENCES AE PROVIDED. (DEG)
Index Term(s): Africa; Black market; Corruption of public officials; Crimes against businesses; Organized crime; White collar crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66636

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