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NCJ Number: 66640 Find in a Library
Title: CRIME AND SEX IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE AND APPLIED CRIMINAL JUSTICE  Volume:3  Issue:2  Dated:(FALL 1979)  Pages:243-253
Author(s): R W FITZGERALD; S K MUKHERJEE; E N JACKOBSEN
Corporate Author: Wichita State University
Dept of Admin of Justice
Journal Editor
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Wichita State University
Wichita, KS 67208
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: CRIMINAL OFFENSES COMMITTED BY MALES AND FEMALES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA WERE COMPARED TO DETERMINE THE IMPACT OF THE CHANGING STATUS OF WOMEN UPON CRIME RATE INCREASES BY SEX.
Abstract: TWO GENERAL HYPOTHESES WEE INVESTIGATED: 1) FEMALE CRIME HAS INCREASED SINCE THE TURN OF THE CENTURY IN AUSTRALIA, AND 2) THIS RATE OF INCREASE HAS BEEN GREATER THAN THAT FOR MEN. SEX-SPECIFIC CRIME RATES PER 100,000 POPULATION AND THE PROPORTIONS OF DIFFERENT DISPOSITIONS TO TOTAL NUMBER OF CHARGES WERE DERIVED FROM THE YEARLY OFFENSE DATA FOR ALL THE MAGISTRATES' COURTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA. INCLUDING BOTH ADULTS AND JUVENILES, THESE DATA WERE ORGANIZED INTO THE FOLLOWING CATEGORIES. 1) OFFENSES AGAISNT THE PERSON (INCLUDING MURDER, ATTEMPTED MURDER, MANSLAUGHTER, MANSLAUGHTER BY DRIVING, ASSAULT, AND UNNATURAL OFFENSES, EXCLUDING RAPE), AND 2) OFFENSES AGAINST PROPERTY (INCLUDING ROBBERY, BREAKING AND ENTERING, LARCENY, WILLFUL/MALICIOUS DAMAGE, FRAUD, FALSE PRETENCES, FORGERY, AND OTHER CURRENCY OFFENSES). RESULTS SHOWED THAT FEMALE CRIMINAL OFFENSES AND CONVICTION RATES ARE INCREASING AND AT A SUBSTANTIALLY GREATER RATE THAN THAT OF MEN FOR BOTH OFFENSES AGAINST PROPERTY AND AGAINST THE PERSN. HOWEVER, CAUTION MUST BE EXERCISED IN DRAWING CONCLUSIONS ABOUT THE DEGREE OF FEMALE CRIMINALITY BECAUSE THE MUCH HIGHER PERCENTAGE INCREASE IN WOMEN'S CRIMES ACTUALLY REPRESENTS A MUCH SMALLER NUMERICAL INCREASE IN CRIMES DUE TO THE SIGNIFICANTLY SMALLER DATA BASE FOR WOMEN'S OFFENSES IN BOTH CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY AND AGAINST THE PERSON. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT STATEMENTS LINKING INCREASED FEMALE CRIMINALITY WITH INCREASED PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN THE WORK FORCE ARE MISLEADING AND TOTALLY UNFAIR TO WOMEN. FOOTNOTES, TABLES, AND CHARTS ARE PROVIDED. (DEG)
Index Term(s): Australia; Comparative analysis; Crime rate studies; Female offenders; Male offenders; Women's rights
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