skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 66646 Find in a Library
Title: PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SOCIOPATHIC PERSONALITY - DIFFERENCES IN FREQUENCY AND SEVERITY OF ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIORS
Journal: JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY  Volume:89  Issue:3  Dated:(JUNE 1980)  Pages:493-496
Author(s): T J FAGAN; F T LIRA
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 4
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TWO STUDIES CONDUCTED IN CORRECTIONAL INSTUTUTIONS FOUND THAT PRIMARY SOCIOPATHS ENGAGED IN SIGNIFICANTLY MORE FREQUENT AND SEVERE ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR THAN SECONDARY SOCIOPATHS AND NONSOCIOPATHS.
Abstract: IN THE FIRST STUDY, PERFORMANCE ON THE MINNESOTA MULTIPHASIC PERSONALITY INVENTORY WAS USED TO DIVIDED THE SUBJECTS INTO FOUR GROUPS. THE TEST IDENTIFIED 58 LOW-ANXIOUS (PRIMARY) SOCIOPATHS, 38 HIGH-ANXIOUS (SECONDARY) SOCIOPATHS, 26 LOW-ANXIOUS NONSOCIOPATHS, AND 52 HIGH-ANXIOUS NONSOCIOPATHS. THE PRISON'S INCIDENCE REPORTS WERE THEN EXAMINED FOR EACH GROUP. THE PRIMARY SOCIOPATHS HAD A MEDIAN OF 3 INCIDENTS AND 2 DAYS OF SEGREGATION FOR SECONDARY SOCIOPATHS. THE FIGURES FOR NONSOCIOPATHS CLUSTERED AROUND ONE INCIDENT OR NO INCIDENTS REPORTED AND 6.3 SEGREGATION DAYS PER INCIDENT, COMPARED TO 2 INCIDENTS, AT ALL. THE SECOND STUDY, AN ATTEMPT TO REPLICATE THE FIRST, IDENTIFIED 26 PRIMARY SOCIOPATHS AND 21 SECONDARY SOCIOPATHS. IN THIS STUDY, PRIMARY SOCIOPATHS HAD A MEDIAN OF 3 INCIDENTS AND 8.4 DAYS SEGREGATION PER INCIDENT REPORT COMPARED TO 2 INCIDENTS AND 4 DAYS SEGREGATION FOR SECONDARY SOCIOPATHS. THESE FINDINGS ADD CREDENCE TO THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SOCIOPATHY AND BRIDGE THE GAP BETWEEN STRICTLY EXPERIMENTAL LABORATORY INVESTIGATIONS WITH NONCRIMINAL POPULATIONS AND REALISTIC SITUATIONS. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS APPENDED.
Index Term(s): Behavior typologies; Inmate classification; Inmate discipline; Inmates as research subjects; Mentally ill offenders; Psychological evaluation; Sociopaths
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66646

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.