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NCJ Number: 66647 Find in a Library
Title: ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF GROUP COUNSELING - A LOOK AT THE GROUP LEADER IN THE CORRECTIONAL SETTING
Journal: CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND BEHAVIOR  Volume:4  Issue:1  Dated:(MARCH 1977)  Pages:77-85
Author(s): R J RESNICK; F LIRA; J H WALLACE
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COUNSELING GROUPS IN CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS COULD BE TIED TO THE TYPE OF LEADER UNDER WHICH THEY OPERATE. THIS STUDY ASSESSES THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF SEVERAL TYPES OF GROUP LEADERS.
Abstract: A TOTAL OF 45 SUBJECTS WERE SELECTED AT RANDOM FROM THE INMATE POPULATION OF A MEDIUM-SECURITY CORRECTIONAL FACILITY FOR THE REHABILITATION OF OFFENDERS RANGING IN AGE FROM 18 TO 26 YEARS. ALL INMATES WHO HAD PARTICIPATED IN GROUP COUNSELING FOR A 6-MONTH PERIOD WERE DERIVED FROM ENTRIES IN SUBJECTS' PROGRAM RECORDS AS WELL AS FROM EVALUATIVE INFORMATION PROVIDED BY THE GROUP LEADERS. RESULTS INDICATED THAT GROUPS LED BY PSYCHOLOGISTS HAD BETTER ADJUSTMENT IN THEIR WORK SETTINGS THAN THOSE GROUPS LED BY OTHER LEADERS. SIMILARLY, MOTIVATION WAS HIGHER IN THE PSYCHOLOGIST-LED GROUPS. THE SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES AMONG THE DEGREE OF EFFECTIVENESS OF GROUP LEADERS WAS ATTRIBUTED TO THE DIFFERENTIAL ROLE THE GROUP LEADER HAD IN THE INMATE'S FINAL RECOMMENDATION FOR PAROLE. THUS, THE INMATE'S PERCEPTION OF THE GROUP LEADER AS A THREAT TO HIS FREEDOM NEGATED THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE GROUP COUNSELING PROCESS. THE WIDE USE OF GROUP COUNSELING WITH ITS CONCOMITANT EXPENDITURES NECESSITATES THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE PROGRAMS, AND THIS IMPROVEMENT SHOULD START WITH THE TRAINING OF GROUP LEADERS. IT IS ALSO SUGGESTED THAT MAJOR CONSIDERATION BE GIVEN TO THE JOB FUNCTIONS OF STAFF PERSONNEL WHO LEAD GROUPS. TRAINING SHOULD BE UNDERTAKEN WITH PERSONNEL WHOSE PARTICIPATION WILL NOT CONFLICT WITH THEIR REGULAR JOB FUNCTIONS, AND WHOSE PRESENCE IN THE GROUP WILL NOT IMPEDE ACTIVE, HONEST INMATE PARTICIPATION. REFERENCES ARE GIVEN. (MJW)
Index Term(s): Correctional facilities; Counseling; Effectiveness; Group therapy; Guided group interaction; Inmate Programs; Staff development training
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