skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 66697 Find in a Library
Title: RESEARCH AND POLICE PRODUCTIVITY - THE UNITED STATES EXPERIENCE (FROM WORKSHOP ON POLICE PRODUCTIVITY AND PERFORMANCE, 1980, BY PETER ENGSTAD AND MICHELE LIOY SEE NCJ-71054)
Author(s): D FARMER
Corporate Author: Canada Solicitor General
Communications Division
Programs Branch
Canada
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Solicitor General
Ottawa, Ontario K1A OP8, Canada
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: RESEARCH IN THE U.S. ON PATROL, CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION, AND FORENSICS SUGGESTS BOTH THE NEED AND OPPORTUNITY FOR RADICAL RESTRUCTURING OF THE ENTIRE POLICE FIELD SERVICES DELIVERY SYSTEM.
Abstract: FIRST, A 5-YEAR RESPONSE TIME STUDY SHOWS THE NECESSITY OF DEPARTING FROM TRADITIONAL VIEWS OF CONCEPTUALIZING RESPONSE TIME, IN WHICH THE TIME CONSISTED OF ONLY COMMUNICATIONS AND DISPATCH PROCESSING AND POLICE TRAVEL TIME. RESPONSE TIME MEASUREMENTS MUST ALSO INCLUDE CITIZEN MOBILIZATION TIME. SECOND, A KANSAS CITY STUDY OF PREVENTIVE PATROL EFFECTIVENESS COMPARED FIVE REACTIVE BEATS (OFFICERS RESPONDING ONLY TO CALLS FOR SERVICE) TO FIVE CONTROL BEATS (PREVENTIVE PATROL WAS MAINTAINED) AND TO FIVE PROACTIVE AREAS (PREVENTIVE PATROL WAS INCREASED TO THREE TIMES THE NORMAL LEVELS). THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE THREE SETS OF BEATS WERE NOT SIGNIFICANT IN TERMS OF REPORTED AND UNREPORTED CRIME, OF CITIZEN SATISFACTION, AND OF CITIZENS' PERCEPTIONS OF THEIR OWN SECURITY. THIS STUDY SEEMS TO SUGGEST THAT POLICE COMMANDERS HAVE FAR MORE DISCRETION IN THE SPATIAL DEPLOYMENT OF PATROL FORCES THAN IS USUALLY SUPPOSED. THIRD, A 1975 RAND CORPORATION STUDY EVALUATED DETECTIVE AND INVESTIGATIVE PRACTICES IN THE U.S., QUESTIONING THE DETECTIVE MYSTIQUE. IT CONCLUDED THAT THE INVESTIGATIVE FUNCTION COULD BE MUCH BETTER MANAGED. FOURTH, A FORENSIC SCIENCES FOUNDATION STUDY OF CRIME LABORATORIES FOUND THAT THERE ARE SIGNIFICANT PROBLEMS IN EVIDENCE ANALYSIS IN SOME CRIME LABORATORIES AND A NEED TO UPGRADE THE QUALITY OF PHYSICAL EVIDENCE EXAMINATIONS. IN LIGHT OF THESE RESEARCH RESULTS, THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE AIMS TO CONTINUE TO DEEPEN UNDERSTANDING CONCERNING THE ALLOCATION AND DEPLOYMENT OF POLICE RESOURCES. THE INSTITUTE HOPES TO ADD TO INFORMATION ON THE NATURE OF CURRENT POLICE OPERATIONS, ON THE OVERALL OBJECTIVES OF POLICE OPERATIONS, AND ON ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES FOR PROVIDING FIELD SERVICES. MEANWHILE, THE INSTITUTE MUST CONTINUE TO UPGRADE THE QUALITY OF ITS RESEARCHERS, TO PROJECT FINDINGS TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF REAL TOOLS AND IMPROVED TACTICS FOR POLICE OPERATIONS, AND TO MAINTAIN REALISTIC EXPECTATIONS OF RESEARCH RESULTS. (MHP)
Index Term(s): Dispatching; Patrol procedures; Police effectiveness; Police manpower deployment; Police response time
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66697

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.