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NCJ Number: 66704 Find in a Library
Title: CRIME AND CONFLICT IN URBAN RECREATION AREAS - RESEARCH IN PROGRESS
Author(s): T WESTOVER; M CHUBB
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Forest Service
Chicago, IL 60646
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS RESEARCH PAPER REVIEWS CURRENT WORK ON QUESTIONS OF PARK CRIME AND CONFLICT, DISCUSSES PROBLEMS WITH DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS, AND DESCRIBES A COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH TO FURTHER STUDY.
Abstract: ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR IS AN INCREASINGLY SERIOUS PROBLEM IN RECREATIONAL SETTINGS, PARTICULARLY IN URBAN AAEAS. FEAR OF CRIME IS A SIGNIFICANT FACTOR INFLUENCING URBAN PARK USE. THERE IS ALSO A CORRELATION BETWEEN HIGH PARK USE AND HIGH NUMBERS OF CRIMINAL INCIDENTS. CRIME DATA IS DIFFICULT TO ANALYZE FOR PARKS, AND DEPENDS ON THE SIZE AND PATROL CAPABILITIES OF PARK POLICE OR RANGERS AS WELL AS REPORTS ON CRIMES BY PARK USERS. YET CRIMES IN THE PARKS APPEAR TO BE INCREASING, AND INVESTIGATION OF THE PROBLEM REQUIRES MORE THAN AN ANALYSIS OF OFFICIAL RECORDS. THIS PAPER DESCRIBES AN EXPLORATORY PROJECT TO DEVELOP A COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH TO INVESTIGATING ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR IN URBAN RECREATION AREAS. UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE U.S. FOREST SERVICE, THE RESEARCH WILL INCLUDE RECORDING SITE-SPECIFIC INFORMATION ABOUT PARK DESIGN, PROTECTIVE FEATURES, LANDSCAPING, ACCESS, AND MOVEMENT PATTERNS TO PROVIDE PRACTICAL RESEARCH APPROACHES TO PROBLEMS OF CRIME AND CONFLICT IN THE PARKS. INTERVIEWS WILL BE CONDUCTED WITH PARK ENFORCEMENT, MANAGEMENT, AND MAINTENANCE STAFFS TO ASCERTAIN TYPES OF CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES. VISITOR'S ACTIVITIES IN THE PARKS WILL BE EXAMINED. GOALS OF THE RESEARCH ARE TO DEFINE AND IDENTIFY THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF CRIME NAD CONFLICT IN URBAN PARK SETTING, IDENTIFY THE KEY VARIABLES, AND DEVELOP ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES THAT WILL ASSIST PLANNERS AND DECISIONMAKERS TO PROVIDE SAFE RECREATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS. MAJOR DATA COLLECTION EFFORTS WILL BE MADE IN SIX TO 8 URBAN AND SUBURBAN PARKS IN MICHIGAN. THE STUDY IS PART OF A U.S. FOREST SERVICE URBAN FOREST RECREATION RESEARCH PROJECT. APPROXIMATELY 50 REFERENCES ARE CITED.
Index Term(s): Crime analysis; Crime Causes; Crime patterns; Park police; Property crimes; Property damage; Recreation; Social conditions
Note: PAPER PRESENTED AT THE 2ND CONFERENCE ON SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN THE NATIONAL PARKS, SAN FRANCISCO (CA), NOVEMBER 26-30, 1979
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66704

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