skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 66749 Find in a Library
Title: AMERICAN POLICE REFORM - AN ALTERNATIVE PERSPECTIVE
Author(s): J J SUMMERHAYS
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 218
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TO EXPLAIN WHY EFFORTS SINCE THE 1960'S TO INCREASE POLICE EFFECTIVENESS THROUGH EDUCATION HAVE FAILED, THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE STATE AND THE POLICE AND THE HISTORY OF POLICE REFORM ARE EXAMINED.
Abstract: THE GOALS OF POLICE REFORM BEGUN IN THE 1960'S ARE TO INCREASE THEIR CRIME FIGHTING EFFECTIVENESS AND ABILITY TO KEEP ORDER THROUGH BETTER TRAINING AND EDUCATION. HOWEVER, POLICE EDUCATION DOES NOT PREPARE POLICE FOR THE FIELD, AND BETTER TRAINING AND EDUCATION HAVE NOT INCREASED POLICE EFFECTIVENESS AS CRIME RATES CONTINUE TO MOUNT. FEDERAL ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT EFFORTS OVER THE PAST 8 YEARS ARE DISCUSSED, BUT THESE HAVE NOT AFFECTED THE CRIME RATE. THE REASON WHY POLICE REFORM CONTINUES TO BE POPULAR DESPITE ITS FAILURE CAN BE UNDERSTOOD ONLY THROUGH EXAMINING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POLICE AND THE STATE. MOREOVER, THE FORCE BEHIND THE 1960'S POLICE REFORM WAS NOT CONCERN ABOUT CRIME BUT ABOUT THE THEN GROWING CIVIL DISORDER AND INSTABILITY, SINCE THE PRIMARY GOAL OF ALL POLICING IS TO PROTECT SOCIETY'S INTEGRITY AGAINST THREATS. TWO THEORIES OF THE FORMATION OF STATES ARE DISCUSSED. IN A CAPITALISTIC SOCIETY, POLICING HELPS PRESERVE WEALTH AND ITS ACCUMULATION AND EXISTING CLASS STRUCTURE. THE POLICE ARE NOT CRIME FIGHTERS SO MUCH AS AGENTS OF SOCIAL CONTROL. A HISTORY OF THE POLICE ESTABLISHMENT IN ENGLAND AND AMERICA DURING AND AFTER THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION REVEALS THAT POLICE REFORM ACCOMPANIED SOCIETAL REFORM AS CONFLICTS ENGENDERED BY THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BECAME UNMANAGEABLE. POLICE REFORM WAS ATTEMPTED FOR THE FIRST TIME DURING THE PROGRESSIVE ERA, LATE 1800'S TO EARLY 1900'S AS SOCIETAL REFORM BECAME THE RELEASE VALVE FOR SOCIAL CONFLICTS. HOWEVER, AS SOCIAL CONFLICTS CEASED, SO DID INTEREST IN POLICE REFORM. SIMILAR PATTERNS CAN BE SEEN DURING THE 1930'S AND 1960'S. THUS, CHANGES IN THE POLICE HAVE OCCURRED PRIMARILY AS A RESULT OF THE STATE'S NEEDS AND NOT NECESSARILY THOSE OF THE PEOPLE. THE EFFECT OF THIS ON POLICE EDUCATION IS DISCUSSED, AND IT IS CONTENDED THAT THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF BETTER EDUCATION FOR POLICE IS TO IMPROVE THE POLICE IMAGE IN A TIME OF CONFLICT, RATHER THAN IMPROVE POLICING. FOOTNOTES AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. (PAP)
Index Term(s): Police education; Police reform
Note: SPECIAL PRICES FOR ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66749

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.