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NCJ Number: 66750 Find in a Library
Title: EXPLAINING DELINQUENCY - A SOCIAL SYSTEMS APPROACH
Author(s): S MAGVRA
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 300
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: BASED ON SOCIAL SYSTEMS THEORY, A UNIFIED APPROACH TO EXPLAIN DELINQUENCY WAS DEVELOPED AND TESTED EMPIRICALLY BY USING A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY OF MALE STUDENTS FROM NINE CALIFORNIA HIGH SCHOOLS.
Abstract: INDEPENDENT VARIABLES INCLUDED PARENT-CHILD AND TEACHER-STUDENT SOCIALIZATION PROCESSES, FAMILY AND EDUCATIONAL OR OCCUPATIONAL SOCIAL CONTROL MECHANISMS, CULTURAL VALUE COMMITMENTS, NORMATIVE EVALUATIONS, AFFECTIVE NEED AND DISPOSITIONS, SELF-IMAGES, AND THE PEER CONTEXT. DELINQUENCY WAS MEASURED USING BOTH SELF-REPORTS AND POLICE RECORDS. RELATIONSHIPS WERE RECORDED SEPARATELY FOR THE 980 WHITE STUDENTS AND THE 760 BLACK STUDENTS. DATA INDICATED THAT DELINQUENCY WAS ASSOCIATED WITH INADEQUATE FAMILY AND SCHOOL SOCIAL PROCESSES AND WITH NONCONVENTIONAL INTERNALIZATIONS. LOW LEVELS OF FAMILY CONTROL (PARENTAL SUPERVISION AND FATHER'S PRESENCE IN THE HOME) AND OF EDUCATIONAL OR OCCUPATIONAL CONTROL (ACADEMIC REWARDS, EDUCATIONAL EXPECTATIONS, AND PERCEIVED STRUCTURAL BARRIERS TO FUTURE EMPLOYMENT) WERE ALSO RELATED TO DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR. DATA SUPPORTED THE IMPORTANCE OF SOCIALLY STRUCTURED STRAINS IN CAUSING DELINQUENCY. SOCIAL CONTROL FACTORS AND PERSONALITY FACTORS HAD INDEPENDENT EFFECTS ON DELINQUENCY. THE PEER CONTEXT ALSO HAD AN EFFECT. THE OBSERVED PATTERNS HELD FOR BOTH RACES AND FOR BOTH SELF-REPORTED AND OFFICIALLY RECORDED DELINQUENCY, ALTHOUGH THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF EXPLAINED VARIATION IN DELINQUENCY WAS NOT HIGH. FINDINGS INDICATE THAT PREVENTION AND REMEDIATION OF DELINQUENCY COULD BE PROMOTED THROUGH EFFECTIVE PARENT TRAINING PROGRAMS, STRENGTHENING THE SCHOOL'S SECONDARY SOCIALIZATION FUNCTIONS, EXPANSION OF COMMUNITY-BASED RESOCIALIZATION PROGRAMS FOR DELINQUENTS, AND MORE JOB OPPORTUNITIES. FIGURES, TABLES, FOOTNOTES, A REFERENCE LIST, AND AN APPENDIX EXPLAINING THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE INDEXES USED ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--CFW)
Index Term(s): California; Crime Causes; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Statistical analysis; Studies
Note: SPECIAL PRICES FOR ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS RUTGERS UNIVERSITY - DOCTORAL THESIS
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66750

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