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NCJ Number: 66753 Find in a Library
Title: PRISONS, EDUCATION AND WORK - TOWARDS A NATIONAL EMPLOYMENT STRATEGY FOR PRISONS
Author(s): J BRAITHWAITE
Corporate Author: Australian Institute of Criminology
Australia

University of Queensland Press
Australia
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 246
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Australian Institute of Criminology
Woden Act ,2602, Australia
University of Queensland Press
Lawrence, MA 01843
University of Queensland Press
St Lucia, Queensland, Australia
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
J V Barry Memorial Library
P O Box 28
Woden Act ,2602,
Australia

University of Queensland Press
Order Dept
5 South Union Street
Lawrence, MA 01843
United States of America
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: THIS BOOK DESCRIBES, EVALUATES, AND RECOMMENDS CHANGES IN THE DIRECTION OF WORK AND OF EDUCATION IN AUSTRALIAN PRISONS, WITH A FOCUS ON THE WORK LIFE OF PRISONERS AFTER RELEASE.
Abstract: IT BEGINS WITH AN EXAMINATION OF LEGITIMATE AND ILLEGITIMATE WORK AND OF THE REWARD-COST MODEL OF CRIME. THIS MODEL ARGUES THAT CRIMINALS COMMIT CRIME AS RATIONAL BEINGS WHO WEIGH THE COST AND CHANCE OF BEING CAUGHT AGAINST THE GAINS TO BE REALIZED FROM ILLEGAL ACTS. FOR SIMILAR REASONS, THE EX-OFFENDER REOFFENDS HIS CHANCES OF FINDING AND HOLDING LEGITIMATE WORK ARE SMALL SINCE HE SUFFERS FROM DISCRIMINATION, INTERRUPTION IN WORK HISTORY, AND SLUMPING OF HIS WORK SKILLS DUE TO THE TIME SPENT IN PRISON. THE LOGICAL RESPONSE BY THE CORRECTIONS SYSTEM THEN, ACCORDING TO THIS BOOK, WOULD BE TO INCREASE THE EX-PRISONERS' CHANCES OF EMPLOYMENT BY STRENGTHENING WORK AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMS. A LARGE BODY OF EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE SUPPORTS THE APPROPRIATENESS OF SUCH A RESPONSE. JUDGED ON THE BASIS OF RECIDIVISM RATES OF PARTICIPANTS, A NUMBER OF WORK-RELEASE, VOCATIONAL EDUCATION, JOB-PLACEMENT, AND FINANCIAL-ASSISTANCE-UPON-RELEASE PROGRAMS HAVE BEEN JUDGED EFFECTIVE. THE PRESENT REALITIES OF PRISONS IN EACH JURISDICTION OF AUSTRALIA (EXCLUDING THE AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY) ARE DESCRIBED FOR THE AREAS OF PRISON INDUSTRY, EDUCATION, TRADE TRAINING, WORK RELEASE, AND JOB-PLACEMENT SERVICES. FURTHERMORE, POLICY PROPOSALS FOR EACH OF THESE AREAS ARE SUBMITTED, FOLLOWING A DISCUSSION OF CONSTRAINTS ON EFFECTIVE OPERATION OF PRISON INDUSTRIES. THESE PROPOSALS INCLUDE REMOVAL OF RESTRAINTS ON MARKETS FOR PRISON PRODUCE; RECRUITMENT OF PERSONNEL WITH MANAGERIAL, MARKETING, AND INDUSTRY EXPERIENCE; ELIMINATION OF RULES REGARDING TYPES OF PRISONERS ELIGIBLE FOR WORK RELEASE; PROVISION OF NORMAL WAGES AND WORKING HOURS FOR WORK-RELEASE AND PRISON INDUSTRY WORKERS; CLOSER COOPERATION WITH BUSINESS IN RECRUITMENT EFFORTS AND TRAINING PROGRAMS; ADOPTION OF REGULATIONS REQUIRING GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT OF ONE-THIRD OF ALL PRISON RELEASEES, AND MORE. SPECIAL EMPLOYMENT PROBLEMS OF THE TWO MOST DISADVANTAGED AND NEGLECTED EX-OFFENDER GROUPS--ABORIGINES AND WOMEN--ARE CONSIDERED. TABLES, FOOTNOTES, AND AN INDEX ARE INCLUDED. (DAG)
Index Term(s): Australia; Correctional industries; Correctional institutions (adult); Ex-offender employment; Inmate compensation; Inmate Programs; Vocational training; Work release
Note: PRICE QUOTED FOR THE AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF CRIMINOLOGY IS IN AUSTRALIAN DOLLARS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66753

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