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NCJ Number: 66852 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: COMPREHENSIVE INVESTIGATION OF RECIDIVISM
Author(s): E I MEGARGEE
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 230
Sponsoring Agency: Florida Bureau of Criminal Justice Assistance
Tallahassee, FL 32301
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Washington, DC 20203
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20534
Grant Number: 75-AS-33-E401; MH 18468; MH 13202; 1R01 MH 299 11
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A COMPREHENSIVE LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF RECIDIVISM FOCUSING ON 1,345 INMATES WHO ENTERED THE FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION AT TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA, FROM NOVEMBER 1970 TO NOVEMBER 1972 IS PRESENTED.
Abstract: THE STUDY IS COMPREHENSIVE IN THAT SEVERAL DIFFERENT OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS ARE EMPLOYED, AN ARRAY OF DATA RELATED TO THE CRITERIA OF RECIDIVISM IS EXAMINED, DATA WERE COLLECTED FROM FIVE DISTINCT TIME PERIODS, AND THE ENTIRE POPULATION WAS STUDIED. GOALS OF ANALYSES INCLUDED COMPARING 13 DIFFERENT OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS OF RECIDIVISM AND DETERMINING THE FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH RECIDIVISM AT VARIOUS PHASES TO IDENTIFY THE OPTIMUM POINT IN TIME AT WHICH DATA COLLECTION MAY BE PREDICTIVE OF RECIDIVISM. DATA COLLECTION INVOLVED PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING OF ENTERING INMATES, INMATE QUESTIONNAIRE EVALUATION, PHYSICAL EXAMINATION, AND STRUCTURED INTERVIEWS CONDUCTED BY A PSYCHOLOGIST. SYSTEMATIC RECORDS WERE MAINTAINED OF EACH INMATE'S ADJUSTMENT THROUGHOUT INCARCERATION. IMMEDIATELY PRIOR TO RELEASE INMATES WERE RETESTED AND AGAIN GIVEN THE VALUES/PRISONIZATION QUESTIONNAIRES. FUNDS WERE NOT AVAILABLE TO PERMIT FOLLOWUP STUDY OF THE RELEASED INMATES IN THE COMMUNITY. THE 13 OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS OR MEASURES OF RECIDIVISM INCLUDED NUMBER OF ARRESTS, CONVICTIONS, INCARCERATIONS, OFFENSES, SEVERITY OF OFFENSE, AND RECIDIVISM RATE. VARIABLES COLLECTED UPON THE INMATES' ENTRANCE INTO THE SYSTEM, WHETHER DEMOGRAPHIC, TEST, OR OBSERVATIONAL VARIABLES, YIELDED POOR RESULTS REGARDING RELATIONSHIPS INDICATED WITH THE FOUR CRITERIA OF RECIDIVISM, BOTH IN TERMS OF FIRST ORDER CORRELATIONS AND MULTIPLE CORRELATIONS. SIMILARLY, PRERELEASE DATA WERE ALSO UNIFORMLY LOW AND INSIGNIFICANT IN TERMS OF CORRELATION. THE REGRESSION ANALYSIS DID PROVE TO YIELD HIGHER MULTIPLE CORRELATIONS THAN WERE FOUND IN THE DERIVATION SAMPLES. PROBLEMS IDENTIFIED IN THIS STUDY WHICH SHOULD BE CONSIDERED IN FUTURE RESEARCH INCLUDE OBTAINING AN ADEQUATE DATA BASE CONCERNING SUBSEQUENT CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR AND DEVISING DEFINITIONS WHICH PROVIDE GRADATIONS OF SUCCESS RATHER THAN JUST GRADATIONS OF FAILURE. TABLES AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED IN THE STUDY. (LWM)
Index Term(s): Corrections effectiveness; Data analysis; Florida; Inmates as research subjects; Longitudinal studies; Recidivism; Recidivists; Statistical analysis; Studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66852

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