skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 66875 Find in a Library
Title: SUBCONTRACTING OF YOUTH SERVICES - AN ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGY (FROM JUVENILES IN JUSTICE - A BOOK OF READINGS, 1980, BY H TED RUBIN - SEE NCJ-66872)
Author(s): G L ALBRECHT
Corporate Author: Goodyear Publishing Co
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Goodyear Publishing Co
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: SUBCONTRACTING OF SERVICES BY JUVENILE COURTS IS ANALYZED AS AN ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGY DESIGNED TO PRESERVE THE COURT'S POWER AND DOMAIN IN AN UNCERTAIN AND STRESSFUL ENVIRONMENT.
Abstract: A RESOURCE DEPENDENCY PERSPECTIVE WAS USED IN THE ANALYSIS. NUMEROUS LAWS PERMIT GOVERNMENT CONTRACTING. JUVENILE COURTS SUBCONTRACT MANY SERVICES, INCLUDING COUNSEL, TRANSPORTATION, CUSTODY, INCARCERATION, DETENTION, REHABILITATION, DIVERSION PROGRAMS, PSYCHOLOGICAL EVALUATION, PSYCHIATRIC COUNSELING, AND ALCOHOL AND DRUG TREATMENT. THROUGH SUBCONTRACTING, JUVENILE COURT JUDGES USE THEIR AUTHORITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES TO DESIGN AND COORDINATE YOUTH SERVICES. SUBCONTRACTING IS A MARVELOUSLY ADAPTIVE STRATEGY FOR A POWERFUL, COMPLEX ORGANIZATION FUNCTIONING AN AMBIGUOUS AND CHANGING ENVIRONMENT. THUS, IT IS USEFUL WHEN THE POLITICAL, LEGAL, SOCIAL, AND ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENTS ARE ALL CHANGING OR STRESSFUL. THE COURT IS A COMPLEX BUREAUCRACY WITH MULTIPLE GOALS THAT ARE OFTEN IN CONFLICT. THE COURT IS THE DOMINANT LINK AMONG OTHER AGENCIES AND INSTITUTIONS COOPERATING IN DELIVERING SERVICES TO YOUTH. SUBCONTRACTING IS A COOPERATIVE ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGY THAT ALLOWS THE DOMINANT ORGANIZATION TO CONTROL ITS WORK AND SIMULTANEOUSLY MAINTAIN SOME DISTANCE THROUGH LOOSELY COUPLED INTERORGANIZATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS. REASONS FOR SUBCONTRACTING INCLUDE THE NEED FOR FLEXIBILITY, THE FULL USE OF SPECIALIZED WORK GROUPS IN A CHANGING ENVIRONMENT, AND THE ABILITY TO CONDUCT YOUTH SERVICES IN A MANNER APPROXIMATING THE FREE ENTERPRISE SYSTEM. POTENTIAL OR ACTUAL DRAWBACKS INCLUDE POSSIBLE MISUSE OF POWER BY THE JUVENILE JUDGE, BIAS, LACK OR QUALITY CONTROL OF SUCH PROGRAMS AS DIVERSION, AND LACK OF COORDINATION AND ACCOUNTABILITY. OPERATIONAL CHECKS AND ACCOUNTABILITY ARE NEEDED. FURTHER RESEARCH BASED ONLY ON THE SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT MODEL BUT ALSO ON ASSESSMENT OF COURTS' SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL ENVIRONMENTS, IS RECOMMENDED. NOTES WHICH INCLUDE REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Government contracting; Juvenile courts; Organization studies; Services
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66875

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.