skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 66886 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: RAPE AS VIEWED BY JUDGES, PROSECUTORS, AND POLICE OFFICERS
Journal: CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND BEHAVIOR  Volume:7  Issue:1  Dated:(MARCH 1980)  Pages:19-40
Author(s): S FELDMAN-SUMMERS; G C PALMER
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for Scientific Information
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
Grant Number: 1RO1 MH 26130-01
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America

UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America

Institute for Scientific Information
University City Science Ctr
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A SEATTLE, WASH., STUDY FOUND SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BELIEFS ABOUT RAPE HELD BY CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM (CJS) PERSONNEL AND THOSE HELD BY SOCIAL SERVICE PERSONNEL.
Abstract: QUESTIONNAIRES WERE MAILED TO 36 JUDGES, 41 PROSECUTING ATTORNEYS, 62 POLICE OFFICERS, AND 56 SOCIAL SERVICE PERSONNEL. RESPONSES WERE RECEIVED FROM 17 JUDGES, 22 PROSECUTING ATTORNEYS, 15 POLICE OFFICERS, AND 29 SOCIAL SERVICE STAFF. CONSISTING OF FOUR SECTIONS, THE QUESTIONNAIRE'S ITEM CONTENT WAS BASED ON STATEMENTS AND PROPOSITIONS ABOUT THE CAUSES OF RAPE, ITS PREVENTION, AND THE LIKELIHOOD THAT THE COMPLAINTS ARE TRUE OR FALSE. RELIABILITY OF THE ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENT WAS DETERMINED BY ADMINISTERING THE QUESTIONNAIRE TO A SAMPLE OF 22 UNDERGRADUATES AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON ON 2 OCCASIONS 1 WEEK APART. STUDY FINDINGS INDICATE THAT CJS PERSONNEL HELD BELIEFS THAT DIFFERED SUBSTANTIALLY FROM THOSE OF SOCIAL SERVICE PERSONNEL. SOCIAL SERVICE PERSONNEL TENDED TO SEE THE CAUSES OF RAPE AS BEING INHERENT IN THE SOCIALIZATION PROCESS OF MEN WHILE CJS PARTICIPANTS TENDED TO SEE THE CAUSES OF RAPE AS RESULTING FROM THE MAKEUP OF SOME MEN AND FROM WOMEN'S BEHAVIOR. BELIEFS ABOUT PREVENTION OF RAPE ALSO DIFFERED. SOCIAL SERVICE PERSONNEL BELIEVED THAT THE FREQUENCY OF RAPE WOULD BE REDUCED BY CHANGING SOCIAL NORMS AND CJS PERSONNEL BELIEVED THAT CHANGING THE BEHAVIOR OF POTENTIAL VICTIMS WOULD REDUCE THE FREQUENCY WITH WHICH RAPE WAS COMMITTED. ONLY ABOUT HALF OF THE RAPES REPORTED TO THE POLICE WERE SEEN BY CJS PERSONNEL AS TRUE WITH THE ASSAILANT CORRECTLY IDENTIFIED. SOCIAL SERVICE PERSONNEL INDICATED THAT OVER 70 PERCENT OF RAPE COMPLAINTS FELL INTO THE TRUE CATEGORY. NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES WERE FOUND BETWEEN SOCIAL SERVICE AND CJS PERSONNEL REGARDING DIFFERENT COMPLAINT CIRCUMSTANCES. THESE FINDINGS ARE CONSISTENT WITH THE CLAIMS OF MANY RAPE VICTIMS THAT THEY WERE NOT BELIEVED BY CRIMINAL JUSTICE PERSONNEL. THEY SUGGEST THAT APPROPRIATE EDUCATION AND TRAINING FOR PEOPLE IN THE CJS MUST BE PROVIDED, AND PERSONNEL IN POSITIONS OF AUTHORITY MUST BE SELECTED WHO HOLD NONSTEREOTYPIC BELIEFS ABOUT RAPE AND RAPE VICTIMS IN ORDER TO EFFECTIVELY TREAT VICTIMS AND PROCESS COMPLAINTS. TABLES, FOOTNOTES, AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Attitudes; Comparative analysis; Judges; Perception; Police attitudes; Prosecutors; Questionnaires; Rape; Social service agencies; Surveys; Washington
Note: PRICE QUOTED FOR SAGE IS A SINGLE ISSUE PRICE.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66886

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.