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NCJ Number: 66916 Find in a Library
Title: KEEPERS - PRISON GUARDS AND CONTEMPORARY CORRECTIONS
Corporate Author: Charles C. Thomas
United States of America
Editor(s): B M CROUCH
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 368
Sponsoring Agency: Charles C. Thomas
Springfield, IL 62704
Sale Source: Charles C. Thomas
2600 South First Street
Springfield, IL 62704
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: USEFUL FOR STUDENTS AND PROFESSIONALS IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE FIELD, CORRECTIONAL GUARDS, AND GUARD INSTRUCTORS, THIS ANTHOLOGY FOCUSES ON THE JOB OF PRISON GUARDS IN MODERN CORRECTIONS MOSTLY FROM THEIR VIEWPOINT.
Abstract: AN INTRODUCTORY ANALYSIS DISCUSSES WHY INDIVIDUALS BECOMES GUARDS, HOW THEY MEET THE DAILY DEMANDS OF A COMPLEX JOB, AND HOW THEY RESPOND TO CHANGING CONDITIONS. CHANGES IN THE PRISON WORLD ARE EXPLORED FROM THE GUARDS' PERSPECTIVE. THESE CHANGES INCLUDE THE RISE OF REHABILITATION AS AN OBJECTIVE OF IMPRISONMENT, THE ENTRY OF THE FEDERAL JUDICIARY INTO DAILY PRISON OPERATION, AND CHANGES IN THE SIZE AND COMPOSITION OF INMATE POPULATIONS. A SECOND SECTION EXPLORES HOW INDIVIDUALS ENTER GUARD WORK AND LEARN THE JOB AND THE PROCESS OF EMPLOYEE SELECTION AND TRAINING. READINGS EXAMINE THE LAXNESS OF PRISON STAFF SELECTION AND TRAINING IN THAT SCREENING PROCEDURES NEITHER ROOT OUT UNFIT APPLICANTS NOR IDENTIFY THE BEST RECRUITS. THE DIFFUSE SKILLS NEEDED TO SUCCEED IN THE JOB ARE TOO DIFFICULT TO IDENTIFY, AND FORMAL TRAINING IS POOR. ENTERING PRISON WORK ALMOST ACCIDENTALLY, MOST GUARDS RECEIVE THE IMPORTANT TRAINING ON THE JOB THROUGH INFORMAL INTERACTION WITH INMATES AND THE GUARD SUBCULTURE AND ARE GRADUALLY SOCIALIZED AFTER EXPOSURE TO JOB DEMANDS. THE DYNAMICS AND DIFFICULTIES OF CONTEMPORARY GUARD WORK ARE PRESENTED BY MEANS OF INTERVIEWS WITH GUARDS IN SEVERAL STATE PRISONS, AS WELL AS BY A DISCUSSION OF GUARDS' SELF-CONCEPTS AND PERCEPTIONS OF SOCIAL SERVICES PERSONNEL, ADMINISTRATORS, AND INMATES. AN ACCOUNT OF ONE MAN'S DAY ON THE JOB GIVES GLIMPSES OF THE COMPROMISES AND PRESSURES THAT OFFICERS EXPERIENCE DAILY, AND NARRATIVES ON INMATE RELATIONS IN MAXIMUM-SECURITY PRISONS SHOW THAT GUARDS HAVE LIMITED POWER OVER INMATES AND, FOR A NUMBER OF REASONS, ARE RELUCTANT TO USE THE POWER THEIR POSITIONS AND UNIFORMS SIGNIFY. THE PROBLEM OF UNCERTAINTY IN GUARD WORK IS DESCRIBED BY EXAMINING FOUR SOURCES OF UNPREDICTABILITY: MALFUNCTIONS OF PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, PROBLEMS AMONG EMPLOYEES, PROBLEMS CREATED BY INMATES, AND DIFFICULTIES PRODUCED BY THE FREE COMMUNITY. THE PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL WORKING CONDITIONS OF GUARD WORK ALSO ARE CONSIDERED. AN ANALYSIS OF GUARD-INMATE RELATIONS IN AN ENGLISH PRISON POINTS OUT CONSIDERABLE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN AMERICAN AND ENGLISH STAFFING ATTITUDES AND THE POTENTIAL FOR VIOLENCE. FINALLY, THE BOOK DISCUSSES SEVERAL WAYS IN WHICH GUARDS REACT TO CHANGING PRISON CONDITIONS SUCH AS RETIREMENT, VIOLENCE, AND UNIONIZATION. FOOTNOTES, REFERENCES, AND A COMPREHENSIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE PROVIDED. FOR SEPARATE ARTICLES, SEE NCJ 66917-19. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Attitudes toward authority; Correctional facilities; Correctional Officers; Corrections management; Custody vs treatment conflict; Employee grievances; Employment; England; Inmate staff relations; Performance requirements; Personnel selection; Prison disorders; Recruitment; United States of America; Violence; Work attitudes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66916

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