skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 66919 Find in a Library
Title: BOOK VERSUS THE BOOT - TWO STYLES OF GUARDING IN A SOUTHERN PRISON (FROM KEEPERS - PRISON GUARDS AND CONTEMPORARY CORRECTIONS, 1980, BY BEN M CROUCH - SEE NCJ-66916)
Author(s): B M CROUCH
Corporate Author: Charles C. Thomas
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Charles C. Thomas
Springfield, IL 62704
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: GUARDING STYLES, DIFFERING WITH INMATES WORKING IN THE FIELD OR FUNCTIONING IN THE PRISON BUILDING, ARE ANALYZED, BASED UPON PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION IN A SOUTHERN PRISON.
Abstract: EACH OF THE TWO MAJOR SETTINGS AT THE PRISON--THE FIELD AND THE BUILDING--REFLECTS A DIFFERENT CONCEPTION OF SOCIAL ORDER. IN THE FIELD, HARD WORK BY INMATES, WITH MINIMUM NEGOTIATION OR CONFRONTATION BETWEEN INMATES AND OFFICERS, CONSTITUTES THE FUNDAMENTAL SOCIAL ORDER. IN THE BUILDING, ORDER ESSENTIALLY MEANS BUREAUCRATIC EFFICIENCY IN THE MOVEMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF INMATES. GUARDING STYLES TEND TO DIFFER TO FIT THESE DISTINCTIVE REQUIREMENTS. BUILDING CUSTODY RELIES UPON CONDITIONING INMATE BEHAVIOR THROUGH ROUTINES THAT REQUIRE A MINIMUM OF PERSONAL DOMINANCE BY GUARDS OVER INMATES. GUARD-INMATE INTERACTION ALSO TENDS TO BE MORE COMPETITIVE, AS GUARDS, WITH 1 FOR ABOUT EVERY 150 INMATES, MUST NEGOTIATE TRADE-OFFS WITH INMATES TO ENSURE ORDER AND SMOOTH FUNCTIONING. IN THE FIELD, ON THE OTHER HAND, WHERE THE GUARD RATIO IS ABOUT 1 TO 30, THE DOMINANCE OF THE GUARDS OVER INMATE BEHAVIOR IS MORE ABSOLUTE, ALBEIT, LESS FORMAL THAN IN THE BUILDING. NEW INMATES ARE ALWAYS ASSIGNED TO FIELD LABOR, WHERE THEY UNDERGO CONDITIONING TO DOMINATING AND INTIMIDATING GUARD STYLES WHICH DEMAND OBEDIENCE IN ALMOST EVERY MOVEMENT. THIS STIMULATES AN INTERNALIZED OBEDIENCE IN THE BUILDING EVEN THOUGH GUARD DOMINANCE IS LESSENED THERE. WHEN INMATES ARE REWARDED FOR GOOD BEHAVIOR BY TRANSFER TO WORK IN THE BUILDING, THEIR OBEDIENCE HAS USUALLY BEEN ESTABLISHED, SO THEY CAN FUNCTION PROPERLY WITHOUT GUARD INTIMIDATION, CONTRIBUTING TO GREATER INMATE FREEDOM AS WELL AS TO PRISON ORDER. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Correctional Officers; Inmate discipline; Role perception; Social organization; Socialization; Studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66919

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.