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NCJ Number: 66991 Find in a Library
Title: THEORIES AND FACTORS IN THE CAUSATION OF CRIME (FROM INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE, 1979, BY DAE H CHANGSEE NCJ-66990)
Author(s): M ZACHARIAH
Corporate Author: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing Co
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: Kendall/ Hunt Publishing Co
Dubuque, IA 52004
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: PART OF A TEXTBOOK INTRODUCING CRIMINAL JUSTICE THEORY, THIS DISCUSSION OF CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORIES INTRODUCES PSYCHOGENIC, SOCIOGENIC, BIOGENIC, AND ENVIRONMENTAL APPROACHES TO EXPLAINING CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR.
Abstract: AN OVERVIEW OUTLINES THE DEVELOPMENT OF THEORIES OF CRIME IN THE HISTORICAL SEARCH FOR THE CAUSATION OF CRIME. ATTENTION IS GIVEN TO DEMONOLOGICAL AND BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS OF CRIME AS EARLY PERSPECTIVES ON CRIME THEORY WITHIN THE PRESCIENTIFIC AS WELL AS THE SCIENTIFIC PERIODS FROM WHICH MODERN THEORIES OF CRIME EMERGED. DISCUSSION OF CURRENT THEORY FOCUSES ON BIOLOGICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, GEOGRAPHICAL, ECOLOGICAL, ECONOMIC, AND SEOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES OF CRIME AND THE SCIENTISTS WHO DEVELOPED THEM. THEN EXAMINATION TURNS TO ANOMIE THEORIES OF DEVIANCE, SUBCULTURAL THEORIES OF CRIME, THE LABELING THEORY, THE DIFFERENTIAL REINFORCEMENT THEORY, AND THE SOCIAL BOND THEORY. VARIOUS CONFLICT THEORIES ARE ALSO CONSIDERED. FINALLY, EXPLANATIONS ARE OFFERED OF DIFFERENTIAL OPPORTUNITY THEORY, CONTAINMENT THEORY, VICTIMOLOGICAL THEORY, AND THE MULTIPLE FACTOR APPROACH. EXTENSIVE NOTES ARE SUPPLIED, ALONG WITH TEST QUESTIONS FOR STUDENTS USING THE TEXT BOOK. (MPH)
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Crime Causes; Cultural influences; Economic influences; Labeling theory; Social classes; Subculture theory; Victimology
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=66991

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