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NCJ Number: 67070 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: VOLUNTEERS AND THE ONE-TO ONE SUPERVISON OF ADULT PROBATIONERS - AN EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON WITH PROFESSIONALS AND A FIELD-DESCRIPTION OF PROCESS AND OUTCOME, MODULE 11, V 1 - CANADA
Author(s): D A ANDREWS; J J KEISSLING
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 298
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: PROCESS AND OUTCOME MEASURES WERE USED TO COMPARE THE EFFECTS OF VOLUNTEER AND PROBATION OFFICER INTERACTION WITH CLIENTS IN OTTAWA, CANADA.
Abstract: PROBATIONERS WHO MET THE ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA WERE RANDOMLY ASSIGNED TO EITHER VOLUNTEER SUPERVISION (VS) OR PROFESSIONAL SUPERVISION (PS). THE VS SAMPLE SIZE WAS 94 OVER THE 36-MONTH STUDY, AND THE PS SAMPLE SIZE WAS 96. THE PROCESS MEASURES USED INCLUDED ATTITUDE AND PERSONALITY SCALES, PARTICPANT REPORTS, RATING BY PRIVILEGED OTHERS, AND BEHAVIORAL MONITORING OF AUDIO-TAPED SUPERVISORY SESSIONS. THE OUTCOME INDICES INCLUDED ATTITUDE CHANGE MEASURES AND IN-PROGRAM RECIDIVISM. THE HYPOTHESIS THAT VS AND PS EFFECTIVENESS WOULD DIFFER ACCORDING TO HOW STRUCTURAL VARIATIONS IN THE ROLES WAS SUPPORTED. VOLUNTEER SUPERVISION EMPHASIZED RELATIONSHIP QUALITY, WHILE PROFESSIONAL SUPERVISION EMPHASIZED THE AUTHORITY INHERENT IN THE PROBATION ORDER. VOLUNTEERS ENGAGED CLIENTS IN MORE OVERALL PROBLEMSOLVING THAN DID THE PROFESSIONALS, HOWEVER, PROFESSIONAL PROBLEMSOLVING GUIDANCE WAS ON MORE COMPLEX LEVELS. VS WAS SIGNIFICANTLY MORE EFFECTIVE THAN PS WITH THE HIGHER RISK CLIENTS (YOUNGER AND LESS SOCIALIZED), PARTICULARLY WITH THOSE CLIENTS SHOWING PRETEST EVIDENCE OF INTERPERSONAL SKILLS. ON THE BASIS OF A DISCRIMINANT ANALYSIS OF THE TAPE-BASED PROCESS MEASURES, EFFECTIVE SUPERVISION BY BOTH VOLUNTEERS AND PROFESSIONALS WAS CHARACTERIZED BY A HIGH LEVEL OF ATTENTION TO THE PROBATION ORDER, MODELING AND DIFFERENTIAL REINFORCEMENT OF PROSOCIAL EXPRESSIONS, PROBLEMSOLVING WITH A COMMUNITY FOCUS, FREQUENT FRIENDLY EXPRESSIONS, AND LOW RATES OF EMPATHETIC LISTENING. SUPERVISION CHARACTERISTICS APPARENTLY UNRELATED TO REDUCED RECIDIVISM WERE PROBLEMSOLVING WITH A RECREATIONAL FOCUS OR A PERSONAL-EMOTIONAL FOCUS, ADVOCATE-BROKER ACTIVITY, OFFICER SELF-DISCLOSURE, AND LENGTH OF INTERVIEWS. ON THE BASIS OF THE FINDINGS, A PRINCIPAL RECOMMENDATION IS THAT VOLUNTEER ACTION PROGRAMS BE STRUCTURED AS COUNSELING PROGRAMS RATHER THAN AS COMPANION OR RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES. VOLUNTEERS ASSIGNED ASSISTANT COUNSELOR ROLES ARE ADVISED TO BE INTERPERSONALLY SENSITIVE AND FLEXIBLE WHILE BEING PROSOCIAL AND ANTICRIMINAL IN ORIENTATION. TABULAR DATA AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Attitude change; Canada; Comparative analysis; Counseling; Probation or parole officers; Probation or parole services; Program evaluation; Recidivism; Volunteer programs
Note: CAVIC (CANADIAN VOLUNTEERS IN CORRECTIONS) TRAINING PROJECT
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67070

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