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NCJ Number: 67078 Find in a Library
Title: STRESS, RELAXATION, AND THE HEALTH EDUCATOR
Journal: JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH  Volume:47  Issue:2  Dated:(NOVEMBER 1977)  Pages:522-525
Author(s): J S GREENBERG
Corporate Author: American School Health Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: American School Health Assoc
Kent, OH 44240
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: HEALTH EDUCATORS SHOULD BE CONCERNED ABOUT THE RELATION OF STRESS TO HEALTH AND SHOULD INCLUDE IN THEIR CURRICULUMS THE TEACHING OF RELAXATION SKILLS.
Abstract: ALTHOUGH THE STRESSOR MAY VARY, THE BODY'S PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE TO STRESS REMAINS BASICALLY THE SAME. THIS RESPONSE HAS BEEN CALLED THE GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME (GAS). THE GAS BEGINS WITH THE ALARM REACTION, MOVES INTO THE STAGE OF RESISTANCE, AND, IF LONG-CONTINUED EXPOSURE TO THE SAME STRESSOR OCCURRS, IT DEVELOPS INTO THE STAGE OF EXHAUSTION. THE GAS OCCURS IN RESPONSE TO ENVIRONMENTAL, PHYSICAL, OR PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESSORS. HOWEVER, STRESS CAN BE A POSITIVE FORCE TO MOTIVATE PEOPLE IN TAKING ACTIONS FOR THEIR OWN GOOD. WHEN STRESS IS NEGATIVE IN ITS EFFECTS, IT IS TERMED 'DISTRESS.' DISEASES CORRELATED TO STRESS INCLUDE TENSION HEADACHES, COLITIS, ULCERS, AND ALLERGIES SUCH AS ASTHMA AND HAY FEVER, AS WELL AS DIABETES MELLITUS, REHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, ACCIDENTS, AND VARIOUS MENTAL ILLNESSES. THE RELATIONSHIP OF STRESS TO OTHER CONDITIONS IS NOT CERTAIN, BUT RESEARCHERS BELIEVE STRESS IS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR IN HYPERTENSION, CORONARY HEART DISEASE, STROKE, AND CANCER. TECHNIQUES TO HELP THE BODY DEAL MORE EFFECTIVELY WITH STRESS INCLUDE MEDITATION, PROGRESSIVE RELAXATION, AUTOGENIC TRAINING, AND BIOFEEDBACK. THE TEACHING OF RELAXATION, ITS PRACTICE, AND FEEDBACK AS TO ITS EFFECTIVENESS SHOULD ALL BE PART OF HEALTH EDUCATION INSTRUCTION. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Behavior patterns; Curriculum; Driver training; Education; Physical fitness
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67078

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