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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 67152 Find in a Library
Title: CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE JURY SIMULATION PARADIGM - THE CASE OF DEFENDANT CHARACTERISTICS
Journal: LAW AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR  Volume:3  Issue:1-2  Dated:(1979)  Pages:71-93
Author(s): W WEITEN; S S DIAMOND
Corporate Author: Plenum Publishing Corp
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Plenum Publishing Corp
New York, NY 10013-1576
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS REVIEW BRIEFLY ANALYZES JURY SIMULATION STUDIES THAT HAVE DEALT WITH DEFENDANT CHARACTERISTICS, EXAMINES THESE STUDIES AS APPLIED AND BASIC RESEARCH, AND OFFERS RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT.
Abstract: THERE ARE SIX MAJOR THREATS TO THE EXTERNAL VALIDITY AND POLICY RELEVANCE OF PRESENT JURY SIMULATION RESEARCH: THE USE OF STUDENTS AS SUBJECTS WHEN THEY DO NOT REPRESENT THE POPULATION FROM WHICH JURIES ARE DRAWN; THE USE OF BRIEF WRITTEN CASE SUMMARIES, WHICH CANNOT MIRROR THE COMPLEXITY OF ACTUAL TRIALS; THE LACK OF FOCUS ON COLLECTIVE JURY DECISIONS; THE USE OF PROBABILITY-OF-GUILT RATINGS OR SENTENCES RATHER THAN GUILTY/NOT GUILTY VERDICTS; THE LACK OF CORROBORATIVE FIELD DATA; AND THE QUESTIONABLE VALIDITY OF ROLE PLAYING AS A RESEARCH TECHNIQUE WHEN THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE REAL DECISIONMAKING TASK CAN ALTER AN INDIVIDUAL'S LIFE. NONETHELESS, THE JURY SIMULATION PARADIGM REMAINS PROMISING BECAUSE MANY POTENTIAL PROBLEMS EXISTING IN PAST APPLICATIONS CAN NOW BE SOLVED, AND BECAUSE THE JURY SIMULATION PARADIGM OFFERS SIGNIFICANT ADVANTAGES OVER FIELD RESEARCH. IN ADDITION, FUTURE METHODOLOGICAL STUDIES MAY ESTABLISH GUIDELINES FOR DRAWING INFERENCES FROM JURY SIMULATION STUDIES. CONSIDERED AS BASIC RESEARCH, JURY SIMULATION STUDIES RELATING ATTRACTION TO LENIENCY HAVE PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCT VALIDITY AND LACK COMPARATIVE THEORY TESTING AND PRECISION. THEY HAVE ALSO FAILED TO ADDRESS SUCH IMPORTANT THEORETICAL ISSUES AS THE IMPACT OF ATTRACTIVENESS ON GROUP JUDGMENTS AND BEHAVIOR. RESEARCH ON A RANGE OF AREAS, INCLUDING GROUP DECISIONMAKING IN A SIMULATED JURY SITUATION, IS NEEDED TO IMPROVE THE PARADIGM AS A VEHICLE FOR BASIC RESEARCH. FOOTNOTES, TABULAR DATA, REFERENCES, AND REFERENCE NOTES ARE INCLUDED. (AOP)
Index Term(s): Behavioral and Social Sciences; Evaluation; Jury decisionmaking; Research design; Simulation
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67152

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