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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 67231 Find in a Library
Title: PROSTATIC ACID PHOSPHATASE, ASPERMIA, AND ALCOHOLISM IN RAPE CASES
Journal: JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES  Volume:25  Issue:2  Dated:(APRIL 1980)  Pages:353-356
Author(s): W F ENOS; J C BEYER
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 4
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: IN A FEW ALLEGED RAPE CASES, EXAMINATION OF VAGINAL SECRETIONS WILL BE NEGATIVE FOR SPERM BUT POSITIVE FOR SIGNIFICANT LEVELS OF PROSTATIC ACID PHOSPHATASE (PAP), A SEMINAL SUBSTANCE.
Abstract: DETERMINING PAP IS NOW AN ESSENTIAL LABORATORY PROCEDURE IN INVESTIGATING ALLEGED RAPES. THIS IS ESPECIALLY TRUE WHEN THE ACCUSED HAS ASPERMIA OR OLIGIOSPERMA RESULTING FROM CONGENITAL OR ACQUIRED DISEASES, TRAUMA OF THE GENITALS, HAS HAD A VASECTOMY, OR IS A CHRONIC ALCOHOLIC. THUS, THE PRESENCE OF PAP MAY GIVE THE ONLY LABORATORY EVIDENCE THAT VAGINAL PENETRATION AND EJACULATION HAVE OCCURRED. EXAMINATION OF A 13-YEAR-OLD-GIRL RAPED BY HER UNCLE REVEALED NO SPERM BUT A HIGH PAP LEVEL. ALTHOUGH THE UNCLE HAD HAD NO OPERATIONS OR TRAUMA AND HAD SIRED CHILDREN, HE WAS A CHRONIC ALCOHOLIC AND FINALLY ADMITTED THE CRIME. THE CASE OF A WOMAN RAPED BY HER EX-HUSBAND IS SIMILAR. THUS, IN ALLEGED RAPE CASES, POSITIVE PAP FINDINGS WITHOUT SPERM DOES NOT RULE OUT SUSPECTS WHO HAVE CHILDREN AND NO HISTORY OF GENITAL PROBLEMS. ALTHOUGH SEMINAL ANALYSIS IS RECOMMENDED FOR SUSPECTS IN CASES WHERE PAP IS FOUND WITHOUT SPERM, IT IS UNLIKELY THE COURTS WILL ALLOW IT. REFERENCES, ILLUSTRATIONS, AND FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. (PAP)
Index Term(s): Blood/body fluid analysis; Crime laboratories; Criminal investigation; Evidence collection; Forensic medicine; Rape; Rapists
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67231

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