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NCJ Number: 67291 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: DISPUTING ISSUES IN SHEHAAM, A MULTIRELIGIOUS VILLAGE IN LEBANON (FROM DISPUTING PROCESS - LAW IN TEN SOCIETIES, 1978, BY LAURA NADER AND HARRY F TODD, JR - SEE NCJ-67284)
Author(s): C J WITTY
Corporate Author: Columbia University Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: Columbia University Press
New York, NY 10025
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: ELEMENTS OF KINSHIP, POLITICAL ORGANIZATION, AND ECONOMICS WHICH MODIFY AND CONSTRAIN DISPUTE MANAGEMENT PROCEDURES ARE DESCRIBED FOR A MULTIRELIGIOUS LEBANESE VILLAGE.
Abstract: SHEHAAM, UNLIKE NEIGHBORING VILLAGES, WHICH ARE PREDOMINANTLY MUSLIM, HAS A MIXED CHRISTIAN AND SHIA MUSLIM POPULATION. EVERY VILLAGER IS A MEMBER OF FIVE LEVELS OF COMMUNITY: (1) THE PRIMARY RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION, (2) THE SECONDARY RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATION (CHRISTIAN OR MUSLIM), (3) THE VILLAGE, (4) THE REGIONAL COMMUNITY (VILLAGES BOUND TOGETHER BY LOCATION), AND (5) INDIGENOUS RESIDENTS OR FOREIGNERS. THE FAMILY IS THE FIRST SOURCE OF SOCIAL IDENTITY. THE FIVE LEVELS OF COMMUNITY INCORPORATE THE FAMILY OF EACH VILLAGER. IN SHEHAAM, THERE ARE TWO ELECTED MAYORS, ONE REPRESENTING THE CHRISTIANS AND THE OTHER THE MUSLIMS. EACH MAYOR IS INVOLVED IN THE PEACEKEEPING AND MEDIATION PROCEDURES WITHIN THE VILLAGE AND REGION. INFORMANTS REPORT THAT INTERRELIGIOUS CONFLICT IS THE MOST SERIOUS THREAT TO VILLAGE UNITY. VILLAGERS TRY TO RESOLVE SUCH CONFLICTS THROUGH VILLAGE MEDIATION EFFORTS WITHOUT PARTICIPATION BY OFFICIAL OUTSIDE AUTHORITIES, SUCH AS THE POLICE AND EXTERNAL CODES OF LAW. SUCH FORMAL MECHANISMS ARE VIEWED AS NOT ONLY PERPETUATING HOSTILITIES THROUGH HARSH SANCTIONS BUT AS TOO RESTRICTIVE IN THE ACCEPTANCE OF EVIDENCE AND BACKGROUND INFORMATION WHICH MAY BE RELEVANT TO A DISPUTE. ALTHOUGH DISPUTES WITH PERSONS OR GROUPS OUTSIDE THE VILLAGE MAY BE MEDIATED THROUGH THE PERSONAL SUPPORT GROUPS OF THE INVOLVED PARTIES, THEY MAY ALSO BE HANDLED BY THE POLICE OR COURTS. TABULAR DATA AND NOTES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Conflict resolution; Cultural influences; Dispute processing; Dispute resolution; Lebanon; Mediation; Religion; Social organization
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67291

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