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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 67299 Find in a Library
Title: FREEDOM IN A CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION - RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN PERSONAL VARIABLES, EXPECTATIONS, AND BEHAVIORAL FREEDOMS
Author(s): S HORMUTH; R A WICKLUND; M DALLAS; J MABLI; M PRIBBLE; R HOOD
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESULTS ARE REPORTED FROM A STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN INMATE CHARACTERISTICS AND EXPECTATIONS AND BEHAVIOR IN THE PURSUIT OF FREEDOM WHILE IMPRISONED.
Abstract: FREEDOM AND THE EFFECTS OF THE LOSS OF IT HAVE RECEIVED INCREASING ATTENTION IN PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH AND THEORY. INDICATIONS FROM PREVIOUS RESEARCH ARE THAT LOSS OF THE FREEDOM TO CHOOSE OR TO INFLUENCE CAN RESULT IN COGNITIVE CHANGES, BEHAVIORAL REACTION, AND PHYSIOLOGICAL DETERIORATION. THE DYNAMICS INVOLVED IN THE LOSS OF FREEDOM ARE EXAMINED FOR A SAMPLE OF 59 FEMALE AND 75 MALE RESIDENTS OF A FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION. DATA OBTAINED WERE IN THREE CATEGORIES: (1) PERSONAL VARIABLES SUCH AS AGE, SEX, EMPLOYABILITY, AND EDUCATION; (2) EXPECTATIONS AND PERCEPTIONS ABOUT LIFE IN THE INSTITUTION AND THE FREEDOMS GRANTED OR DESIRED WITHIN THE INSTITUTION; AND (3) BEHAVIORAL FREEDOMS ACTIVELY PURSUED, SUCH AS FURLOUGHS, FRIENDSHIPS, AND DEVIANT BEHAVIOR PRODUCING INCIDENTS. EXPECTATIONS AND PERCEPTIONS ABOUT LIFE IN THE INSTITUTION WERE ASSESSED BY MEANS OF A 12-ITEM QUESTIONNAIRE. INFORMATION ON BEHAVIORAL VARIABLES INCLUDED NUMBER, DATE, KIND OF FURLOUGHS, OUTSIDE TRIPS WITH A MEMBER OF THE STAFF, SUBJECTS' FRIENDSHIPS WITH MEMBERS OF THE OPPOSITE SEX, JOB PERFORMANCE, AND THE NUMBER OF INCIDENTS IN THE INSTITUTION. RESULTS SHOWED THAT EDUCATION, HIGHER INTELLIGENCE, AND NO PRIOR INCARCERATION, IF A RELEASE DATE IS KNOWN, LED TO A MORE ACTIVE USE OF FREEDOMS AND HIGHER EXPECTATIONS REGARDING PRIVILEGES OR FREEDOMS THAT SHOULD BE GRANTED BY THE INSTITUTION. OLDER INMATES WITH A HISTORY OF PRIOR INCARCERATION, IF THE RELEASE DATE WAS KNOWN, HAD GENERALLY LOWER ACTIVITY IN THE AREAS OF FREEDOM MEASURED, ALONG WITH LOWER EXPECTATIONS ABOUT INSTITUTIONAL FREEDOM. THIS SUGGESTS HELPLESSNESS OR AN ATTITUDE OF 'GIVING UP.' TABULAR DATA AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Freedom of movement; Inmate attitudes; Studies
Note: PAPER PRESENTED AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOUTHWESTERN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASOCIATION, FORT WORTH, TX, APRIL 21-23, 1977
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67299

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