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NCJ Number: 67307 Find in a Library
Title: MURDERS BY JUVENILES AND YOUNG ADULTS - DATA ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF OFFENDERS AND THE DYNAMICS OF OFFENSES IN A NON-SELECTED SAMPLE
Journal: MONATSSCHRIFT FUER KRIMINOLOGIE UND STRAFRECHTSREFORM  Volume:62  Issue:4  Dated:(AUGUST 1979)  Pages:206-217
Author(s): T KAHLERT; U LAMPARTER
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 12
Format: Article
Language: German
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: THE CHARACTERISTICS OF JUVENILE AND YOUNG ADULT MURDERERS AS WELL AS THE CIRCUMSTANCES SURROUNDING THEIR CRIMES ARE ANALYZED ON THE BASIS OF INFORMATION ON 44 OFFENDERS CONVICTED IN STUTTGART, WEST GERMANY, FROM 1961 TO 1971.
Abstract: DATA INDICATE THAT THE OFFENDERS WERE PREDOMINANTLY FROM THE LOWER CLASSES (39 OF 44), LIVED IN CITIES, SUFFERED SOCIAL INTEGRATION PROBLEMS BECAUSE OF INSTITUTIONALIZATION, PARENTAL DIVORCE, NEGLECT, PARENTAL CRIMINALITY, OR COMPLETING SCHOOL, AND OFTEN HAD PREVIOUS RECORDS (36.4 PERCENT). PSYCHIATRIC EVALUATION SHOWED SOCIAL INTERACTION PROBLEMS, EMOTIONAL DISTURBANCES, DIFFICULTIES IN RELATING TO OTHER PEOPLE, AND ABNORMAL PHYSICAL AND NEUROLOGICAL CHANGES (14 CASES). CRIMES WERE USUALLY COMMITTED BY A SINGLE OFFENDER AND INVOLVED VICTIMS WHO WERE FAMILY MEMBERS, MEMBERS OF HIGH RISK GROUPS LIKE POLICE OFFICERS, OR OBJECTS OF SEXUAL ATTACKS. IN THREE-QUARTERS OF THE CASES, THE MURDER WAS NOT PLANNED IN ADVANCE. ALCOHOL PLAYED A ROLE IN 43.3 PERCENT OF THE OFFENSES; AVAILABILITY OF A WEAPON AND AN ACCIDENTAL OFFENDER-VICTIM ENCOUNTER WERE ALSO SIGNIFICANT FACTORS. THE INTERNAL DYNAMICS OF SOME CRIMES WERE CHARACTERIZED BY PREHOMICIDAL SITUATIONS IN WHICH THE OFFENDERS' REAL CONFLICT (E.G., FRUSTRATION, BAD CONSCIENCE) WAS TOUCHED UPON BY OFFENDER-VICTIM INTERACTION. IN A SECOND PATTERN, MURDER WAS THE UNINTENTIONAL RESULT OF AGGRESSIVE ACTS WHICH CAUSED FEAR OR PANIC IN THE OFFENDERS. IN SOME CASES (22.7 PERCENT), A TIME INTERVAL SEPARATED THE PRIOR AGGRESSIVE ACT FROM THE MURDER, AND THE MOTIVES AND FORM OF AGGRESSION WERE OFTEN MODIFIED IN THIS PERIOD. A BIBLIOGRAPHY, NOTES, AND TABLES WITH SPECIFIC FIGURES AND EXAMPLES ARE SUPPLIED. --IN GERMAN. (KMD)
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Germany; Homicide; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile murderers; Juvenile offender physical characteristics
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67307

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