skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 67377 Find in a Library
Title: USE OF HARD-DRUGS IN DETENTION CENTERS
Author(s): C COZIJN; J J M VANDIJK
Corporate Author: Netherlands Ministry of Justice
Research and Documentation Centre
Netherlands
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Netherlands Ministry of Justice
2500 Eh the Hague, Netherlands
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: Dutch
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: RESULTS OF A SURVEY OF DUTCH DETENTION CENTER DOCTORS FOR THE PERIOD MARCH 15, 1977 TO JUNE 15, 1977, TO DETERMINE THE NUMBER OF INCARCERATED HARD DRUG USERS AND TREATMENT EMPLOYED FOR HARD DRUG USE ARE REPORTED.
Abstract: THE SURVEY FORM ELICITED INFORMATION ON INMATE PERSONAL BACKGROUND, DRUG USE, AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS DURING DETOXIFICATION. RESULTS SHOW THAT IN THE 3 MONTH STUDY PERIOD 258 HARD DRUG USERS WERE INCARCERATED IN DETENTION CENTERS, WHICH AMOUNTS TO MORE THAN 1000 A YEAR. IN OTHER WORDS, ABOUT ONE-THIRD OF ALL HARD DRUG USERS ARRESTED BY THE POLICE ARE PLACED IN DETENTION CENTERS. THUS, AT LEAST 3,000 HARD DRUG USERS ARE INVOLVED IN CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES IN THE NETHERLANDS. MOST OF THE HARD DRUG USERS IN DETENTION CENTERS ARE HEROIN ADDICTS. THE TYPICAL HARD DRUG USER IS MALE, SINGLE, AND ABOUT 25 YEARS OLD; HE WAS USUALLY BORN IN THE NETHERLANDS OR SURINAM AND RESIDES IN AMSTERDAM, ROTTERDAM, THE HAGUE OR HAARLEM. MORE THAN 10 PERCENT OF THE DETENTION CENTER POPULATION IN HOLLAND IN 1977 WAS ADDICTED TO HARD DRUGS, BUT THIS FIGURE IS PROBABLY CONSIDERABLY HIGHER FOR SOME JAILS. THE AVERAGE INCARCERATION TIME OF HARD DRUG USERS IS 70 DAYS; AFTER THAT PERIOD 50 PERCENT ARE RELEASED AND 30 PERCENT ARE SENT TO PRISON. ON THE AVERAGE, HARD DRUG USERS IN DETENTION CENTERS HAVE ALREADY BEEN CONVICTED 10 TIMES, AND MORE THAN A THIRD WAS INVOLVED WITH THE LAW BEFORE REACHING THE AGE OF 18. THE LATTER GROUP WAS GENERALLY INVOLVED IN CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES, ESPECIALLY PROPERTY CRIMES, EVEN BEFORE THE ONSET OF DRUG USE. HARD DRUG USERS WITH CRIMINAL INVOLVEMENT PRIOR TO ADDICTION ARE MUCH MORE DIFFICULT TO REHABILITATE THAN HARD DRUG USERS WHOSE ONLY MOTIVATION FOR CRIMINAL ACTIVITY IS THEIR DRUG HABIT. THE TREATMENT FOR DRUG USERS VARIES WIDELY FROM DETENTION CENTER TO DETENTION CENTER; THREE OF NINE DETENTION CENTERS USE METHADONE TREATMENT. LESS THAN A THIRD OF THE INCARCERATED DRUG USERS HAVE RECEIVED PREVIOUS TREATMENT FOR ADDICTION. IT IS VERY DIFFICULT FOR DETENTION CENTER MEDICAL STAFF TO CONTINUE THE PREVIOUS TREATMENT; PARTICULARLY METHADONE MAINTENANCE TENDS TO BE HALTED. UPON RELEASE FROM THE DETENTION CENTER, 23 PERCENT OF THE RELEASED OFFENDERS EXPRESS THE INTENTION TO AVOID FUTURE DRUG USE, 33 PERCENT INTEND TO CONTINUE DRUG USE, AND THE WISHES OF 44 PERCENT ARE UNCLEAR. TABLES AND A SAMPLE DATA COLLECTION FORM ARE SUPPLIED.
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug dependence; Drug offenders; Drug Related Crime; Drug treatment programs; Heroin; Inmate Programs; Inmates; Jails; Medical and dental services; Methadone maintenance; Netherlands; Statistics; Surveys
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67377

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.