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NCJ Number: 67463 Find in a Library
Title: TO ARM OR NOT TO ARM
Journal: SECURITY MANAGEMENT  Volume:24  Issue:5  Dated:(MAY 1980)  Pages:84-87
Author(s): M S GOLDBERG
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 4
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE PROS AND CONS OF ARMING SECURITY OFFICERS ARE IDENTIFIED, AND THE SECURITY PROGRAM OF A MEDICAL CENTER THAT DOES NOT ARM ITS OFFICERS IS DESCRIBED.
Abstract: SECURITY OFFICERS GENERALLY FAVOR BEING ARMED BECAUSE THEY FEEL VULNERABLE IN POTENTIALLY VIOLENT SITUATIONS. UPPER LEVEL MANAGEMENT, ON THE OTHER HAND, OPPOSES ARMING SECURITY GUARDS BECAUSE OF CONCERNS OVER IMAGE, LIABILITIES, AND INSURANCE COSTS. THE WEAPONS DILEMMA IS ALSO AFFECTED BY SUCH FACTORS AS THE CRIME RATE IN THE COMMUNITY, THE COMPANY'S CLIENTELE, AND THE PRODUCTS OR PEOPLE BEING SECURED. IN MOST CASES, THERE IS NOT APPARENT JUSTIFICATION TO ARM SECURITY OFFICERS. AT THE ALBERT EINSTEIN MEDICAL CENTER IN PHILADELPHIA, A FIRM COMMITMENT EXISTS NOT TO ARM SECURITY OFFICERS WITH WEAPONS OF ANY TYPE. IF INDIVIDUAL OFFICERS FEEL THREATENED, THEY CALL FOR BACK UP FROM OTHER SECURITY OFFICERS, USING TWO-WAY RADIOS. WHEN FURTHER ASSISTANCE IS NEEDED, THE POLICE ARE CALLED. SINCE THE STAFF IS COMMONLY CONFRONTED WITH RESTRAINING VIOLENT PEOPLE, THE DILEMMA HAS BEEN TO FIND A WAY FOR OFFICERS TO PROTECT THEMSELVES WITHOUT WEAPONS AND STILL FULFILL THE SECURITY NEEDS OF THE FACILITY AND STAFF. THE SOLUTION BEGAN WITH THE CREATION OF A COMMITTEE ON THE MANAGEMENT OF VIOLENT BEHAVIOR TO ANALYZE THE INCIDENCE OF CRIME AND PLAN A COURSE OF ACTION. THE COMMITTEE EXPLORED THE CAUSES OF VIOLENT BEHAVIOR AND THE VARIETY OF METHODS OF PREVENTING AND DEALING WITH IT. A TRAINING PROGRAM FOR SECURITY OFFICERS WAS DEVELOPED WHICH USES A VIDEO PRESENTATION PREPARED BY THE CANADIAN MINISTRY OF HEALTH FOR INSTRUCTING THOSE WHO DEAL WITH PSYCHIATRIC PATIENTS. SOME ADDITIONAL MATERIAL AND HANDS-ON TRAINING SESSIONS MAKE UP THE 2-DAY PROGRAM. EVALUATION BY TRAINING PARTICIPANTS AND THEIR SUPERVISORS SHOWS THE PROGRAM HAS IMPROVED PARTICIPANTS' EMOTIONAL, INTELLECTUAL, AND PHYSICAL ABILITIES IN THE HANDLING OF VIOLENT PERSONS. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Armed vs unarmed police; Hospital security; Hospitals; Martial arts; Pennsylvania; Private police; Problem behavior; Violence; Weapons
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67463

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