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NCJ Number: 67507 Find in a Library
Title: SIZE OF PENAL INSTITUTIONS IN CANADA - THE FACTS BEHIND THE FIGURES
Author(s): D T DAVIES
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 45
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: BASED ON DATA GATHERED FROM A NUMBER OF CANADIAN STUDIES, LARGE PRISONS (400-450 INMATES ARE DETERMINED TO BE MORE COST-EFFECTIVE THAN SMALL PRISONS (150-200 INMATES).
Abstract: NO EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE EXISTSTO SUBSTANTIATE THE BELIEF THAT SMALL INSTITUTIONS ARE MORE EFFECTIVE THAN LARGE PRISONS IN REHABILITATING INMATES, DECREASING RECIDIVISM, OR PREVENTING PRISON VIOLENCE. FACTORS INFLUENCING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF VARIOUS PRISONS IN ACHIEVING CORRECTIONAL GOALS ARE APPARENTLY UNRELATED TO PRISON SIZE. THEREFORE, LARGE PRISONS WHICH ARE MUCH CHEAPER TO OPERATE SHOULD BE FAVORED OVER SMALL PRISONS. WHILE SMALL PRISONS MAY ENHANCE COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN INMATES AND STAFF, NO EVIDENCE EXISTS THAT STAFF-INMATE RELATIONS ARE BETTER IN SMALL PRISONS THAN IN LARGE ONES; OR THAT CLOSE INMATE-STAFF RELATIONS NECESSARILY EFFECT SIGNIFICANT, POSITIVE, LASTING CHANGES IN INMATE BEHAVIOR. THE BUILDING OF LARGE PRISONS IN THE INTEREST OF COST SAVINGS DOES NOT INEVITABLY MEAN LOSING THE BENEFITS OF THE SMALL PRISON ENVIRONMENT. LARGE INSTITUTIONS CAN BE SO DESIGNED AS TO PROVIDE PRIVACY AND OTHER DESIREABLE CONDITIONS FOR HUMANE LIVING. ALSO, PRISONS WITH LARGE INMATE POPULATIONS CAN GENERALLY PROVIDE A BROADER RANGE OF PROGRAMS THAN COULD BE OFFERED IN A SMALL INSTITUTION. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--RCB)
Index Term(s): Architectural design; Canada; Comparative analysis; Correctional facilities; Environmental quality; Facility conditions; Human factors engineering; Space management; Studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67507

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