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NCJ Number: 67578 Find in a Library
Title: INSTITUTIONAL RACISM AND AMERICAN POLICING - A SPECIAL REPORT
Journal: SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ISSUES  Volume:4  Issue:1  Dated:(WINTER 1980)  Pages:COMPLETE ISSUE
Corporate Author: University of Iowa
School of Social Work
United States of America
Editor(s): H G LOCKE; S E WALKER
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 84
Sponsoring Agency: University of Iowa
Iowa City, IA 52242
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A THREE-YEAR STUDY OF INSTITUTIONAL RACISM IN FIVE U.S. POLICE DEPARTMENTS FOUND THAT MINORITY POLICE ARE DISCRIMINATED AGAINST IN IMPORTANT WAYS, ALTHOUGH AGENCIES ARE WILLING TO CHANGE.
Abstract: DATA WERE GATHERED FROM INTERVIEWS OF 2,200 OFFICERS AND POLICE ADMINISTRATORS FROM FIVE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES. THE AGENCIES SERVED DIFFERENT RACIAL AND ETHNIC POPULATION MIXES IN COMMUNITIES RANGING IN POPULATION FROM 100,00 TO 2 MILLION. FINDINGS INDICATED THAT RACISM IS ENCOURAGED AND DISPLAYED IN POLICE AGENCIES IN THAT MINORITY OFFICERS ARE AGGRESSIVELY ELIMINATED DURING INITIAL TRAINING, GIVEN ASSIGNMENTS THAT DO NOT ADVANCE THEIR CAREERS, AND GIVEN UNJUST EVALUATIONS AND DISCIPLINE. IN ADDITION, EXISTING POLICE AGENCY RESOURCES TO COMBAT MINORITY ASSIGNMENT AND PROMOTION PROBLEMS ARE NOT BEING USED, ALTHOUGH MANY WHITE POLICEMEN FAVOR ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGES TO HELP THEIR MINORITY FELLOW-WORKERS. NONOFFICIAL POLICE ORGANIZATIONS SUCH AS FRATERNITIES AND UNIONS ALSO PROMOTE RACIST PRACTICES IN THE OFFICIAL POLICE ORGANIZATION, HOWEVER. QUESTIONNAIRES ELICITING RACIAL ATTITUDES REVEAL SUBSTANTIAL VARIATIONS AMONG AGENCIES AND RACES, AND VARYING OPINIONS ABOUT AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAMS. OTHER FINDINGS SHOW THAT FOUR OUT OF FIVE AGENCIES PARTICIPATING IN THE STUDY ARE WILLING TO STRUCTURE CHANGE TO ALLEVIATE INSTITUTIONAL RACISM. ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGES ARE NEEDED TO COMBAT INSTITUTIONAL RACISM AND UNFAIR OFFICER PERFORMANCE EVALUATIONS. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT ENDING INSTITUTIONAL RACISM IN POLICE AGENCIES WILL DEPEND ON RECRUITING MINORITIES AND HELPING THEM SUCCEED AND ON ENLISTING THE SUPPORT OF POLICE UNIONS. TABLES AND FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Equal opportunity employment; Police agencies; Police recruits; Police reform; Racial discrimination; Studies
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67578

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