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NCJ Number: 67592 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: RECIDIVISM RESEARCH IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA - A REVIEW AND STATUS REPORT
Author(s): M A HAGSTAD
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 54
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS STATUS REPORT REVIEWS SOME OF THE RECIDIVISM RESEARCH AND FINDINGS IN WASHINGTON, D.C., IN THE LAST 10 YEARS AND SUGGESTS WAY TO IMPROVE THE UTILITY OF RECIDIVISM RESEARCH IN THE FUTURE.
Abstract: MOST OF THE STUDIES CONSIDERED WERE DONE BY THE D.C. DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS, BUT OTHERS WERE THE WORK OF CONSULTANTS, THE METROPOLITAN POLICE DEPARTMENT AND THE D.C. BAIL AGENCY. THE GENERAL FINDINGS WERE THAT ABOUT HALF OF THE YOUTH RELEASED TO PAROLE, AND ABOUT A THIRD OF THE ADULTS, RETURN TO PRISON FOR MORE THAN 5 DAYS WITHIN 2 YEARS OF RELEASE. PAROLE RECIDIVISM RATES ARE INCREASING IN D.C. AVAILABLE INDICATORS OF THE RECIDIVISM RATE ARE PAROLE RECIDIVISM, THE EFFECTS OF HALFWAY HOUSES, AND RECIDIVISM-RELATED MEASURES. OVERALL RATES FOR D.C. ARE LOWER THAN THE NATIONAL AVERAGE WHILE THE RECIDIVISM RATE DUE TO MAJOR NEW CONVICTIONS IS SLIGHTLY HIGHER IN THE DISTRICT. THE RECIDIVISM RATE OF PAROLEES HAS BEEN INCREASING SINCE 1973. APPROXIMATELY HALF OF THE WORKLOAD OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCIES IN THE DISTRICT IS ATTRIBUTABLE TO RECIDIVISTS, AND 20 TO 25 PERCENT OF THE POLICE DEPARTMENT WORKLOAD INVOLVES PERSONS CURRENTLY UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF A DISTRICT CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCY. IMPROVEMENTS SUGGESTED INCLUDE COMPUTERIZATION OF THE COMPUTATION OF RATES TO INCREASE TIMELINESS OF RESULTS, USE OF 'FAILURE-RATE' TECHNIQUES TO INCREASE SENSITIVITY OF RECIDIVISM MEASURES, ROUTINIZATION OF RECIDIVISM RESEARCH, AND SIMULTANEOUS CONSIDERATION OF SOCIAL, CRIMINAL, AND INSTITUTIONAL PROGRAMS AND REPORTS. COMMUNITY PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF GROUPS UNDER STUDY MAKE THE RESEARCH MORE USEFUL TO CORRECTIONAL PRACTITIONERS, WHO WILL NEED NEED TO DECIDE ON CLASSIFICATION AND RELEASE MATTERS. TABLES OF PAROLE RECIDIVISM RATES ARE INCLUDED. APPENDIXES PROVIDE A SUGESTED DATA ELEMENT LIST; A SAMPLE COMPUTERIZED RECIDIVISM REPORT FORMAT; A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF RESOURCES IN RECIDIVISM RESEARCH IN WASHINGTON, D.C.; AND FINDING OF 15 COHORT RECIDIVISM STUDIES. (MFE)
Index Term(s): Corrections effectiveness; Corrections statistics; District of Columbia; Recidivism
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67592

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