skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 67668 Find in a Library
Title: REGULAR PAROLEES - CHARACTERISTICS AND PAROLE SUCCESS - A STUDY, 1975 AND 1976
Corporate Author: Admin and Research
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency:
Washington, DC 20534
National Institute of Corrections
Washington, DC 20534
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: FACTUAL INFORMATION ON PERSONS RELEASED THROUGH REGULAR PAROLE PROCEDURES IS PRESENTED IN TERMS OF PERSONAL AND CRIMINAL CHARACTERISTICS, PAROLE PERFORMANCE, AND VARIABLES ASSOCIATED WITH PAROLE SUCCESS OR FAILURE.
Abstract: THIS REPORT WAS FUNDED BY THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CORRECTION AS PART OF A BROADER EVALUATION OF THE FURLOUGH PROGRAM. A TWENTY-PERCENT SAMPLE OF ALL REGULAR PAROLEES RELEASED IN OHIO DURING 1975 AND 1976 WAS SELECTED FOR THE STUDY (A TOTAL OF 1,490 INDIVIDUALS); THIS LARGE SAMPLE WAS EXPECTED TO PRODUCE RELIABLE STATISTICS. SUBJECTS WERE CHOSEN FROM ALL INSTITUTIONS AND FROM THE CATEGORIES OF SHOCK PAROLE RELEASE, FIRST HEARING, CONTINUED HEARING, AND SPECIAL REVIEW. IN ORDER TO COMPLETE THE PICTURE FOR ALL PAROLEES, INFORMATION WAS INCLUDED ON THE WHOLE POPULATION OF FURLOUGH RELEASES IN ADDITION TO THE SURVEY POPULATION. THE FIRST PART OF THIS STUDY DESCRIBES PAROLEES IN TERMS OF PERSONAL CHARACTERRISTICS (I.E., SEX, ETHNICITY, COUNTY OF COMMITMENT, AGE AT ADMISSION AND RELEASE, MARITAL AND EMPLOYMENT STATUS AT ARREST, AND CLAIMED HIGHEST GRADE COMPLETED IN SCHOOL); AND CRIMINAL HISTORIES (I.E., NATURE OF COMMITMENT OFFENSE, PRIOR FELONY CONVICTIONS, PRIOR IMPRISONMENT, JUVENILE CRIMINAL HISTORY, PRIOR SUPERVISION VIOLATIONS, AND HISTORY OF DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE). THE SECOND PART OF THE REPORT DESCRIBES HOW THE PAROLEES UNDER STUDY PERFORMED ON PAROLE DURING ONE YEAR AND BY PAROLE COMPLETION. THE MATERIAL IN THE FIRST TWO SECTIONS IS ALMOST EXCLUSIVELY DESCRIPTIVE IN NATURE. THE THIRD SECTION EXAMINES WHICH VARIABLES, RELATED TO PAROLE SUCCESS AND FAILURE, WHICH ARE CONSIDERED IN THE PAROLE BOARD DECISIONMAKING PROCESS, AND WHICH ARE LIKELY TO DETERMINE PAROLE OUTCOME. THEY APPEAR TO BE NATURE OF COMMITTING OFFENSE (ESPECIALLY WHETHER VIOLENCE WAS INVOLVED); EXISTENCE OF A JUVENILE CRIMINAL HISTORY; PRIOR PROBATION OR PAROLE VIOLATIONS; NUMBER OF PRIOR ADULT FELONY INCARCERATIONS. SUBSTANCE ABUSE, SEX, ETHNIC BACKGROUND, AND COUNTY OF COMMITMENT WERE FOUND TO HAVE LITTLE OR NO INFLUENCE ON THE PAROLE BOARDS' DECISIONS, AND ARE CONSIDERED ONLY IN CORRELATION WITH THE OTHER VARIABLES. NOT SURPRISINGLY, PERSONS PLACED ON PAROLE AT THEIR FIRST PAROLE HEARING HAVE A HIGHER SUCCESS RATE THAN THOSE RELEASED AT CONTINUED HEARINGS, SINCE PAROLE BOARDS CONDUCT ACCURATE SCREENING OF PROSPECTIVE PAROLEES. STATISTICAL AND TABULAR DATA ARE PROVIDED IN THE TEXT.
Index Term(s): Ohio; Parole; Parole board discretion; Parole investigations; Parole outcome prediction; Parole statistics; Parolees; Probation or parole decisionmaking
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67668

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.