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NCJ Number: 67689 Find in a Library
Title: JUVENILE JUSTICE STANDARDS - HIGHLIGHTS AND RAMIFICATIONS (FROM JUVENILE JUSTICE - NATIONAL CONFERENCE, 4TH, LOS ANGELES (CA) FEBRUARY 1977 - AUDIOTAPE CASSETTE HIGHLIGHTS, GROUP 2 - SEE NCJ-67682)
Corporate Author: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
United States of America

National District Atorneys Assoc
United States of America

Teach 'Em Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Reno, NV 89507
National District Atorneys Assoc
Alexandria, VA 22314
Not Available Through National Institute of Justice/NCJRS Document Loan Program
Rockville, MD 20849
Teach 'Em Inc
Chicago, IL 60611
Publication Number: J-38
Sale Source: National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
P.O. Box 8970
Reno, NV 89507
United States of America

Not Available Through National Institute of Justice/NCJRS Document Loan Program
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS CASSETTE TAPE PRESENTS THE MAJOR RECOMMENDATIONS STIPULATED IN THE JUVENILE JUSTICE STANDARDS WHICH HAVE ESTABLISHED CHANGES IN THE METHODS OF THE JUVENILE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM.
Abstract: THESE STANDARDS ESTABLISH JUVENILE, FAMILY, AND SURROGATE COURTS AS SPECIAL DIVISIONS UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THE HIGHEST TRIAL COURT SYSTEM IN EACH STATE. THEY ALSO PROHIBIT THE USE OF REFEREES FOR JUDICIAL FUNCTIONS, WHILE PERMITTING PLEA BARGAINING ON CHARGES ONLY AND NOT ON DISPOSITIONS. THE STANDARDS RESTRICT THE JUVENILE COURT'S JURISDICTION BY ELIMINATING FROM THE SYSTEM NONVIOLENT AND VICTIMLESS CRIMES, STATUS OFFENSES, AND CASES IN WHICH IMPRISONMENT WOULD NOT BE AN APPLICABLE PENALTY IF THE DEFENDANT WERE AN ADULT. INSTEAD, THE STANDARDS ENCOURAGE SOCIAL SERVICES PROVISION TO RESOLVE INTRAFAMILY CONFLICTS AND VOLUNTARY SOCIAL INTERVENTION FOR JUVENILES ENGAGED IN ACTIVITIES SUCH AS ALCOHOL OR MARIJUANA ABUSE AND GAMBLING. INSTITUTIONAL CONFINEMENT IS PROHIBITED FOR CHILDREN UNDER AGE 12, WHILE JUVENILE COURT JURISDICTION IS EXTENDED FROM MINIMUM AGE 10 TO MAXIMUM AGE 18. THE STANDARDS SEEK TO ELIMINATE JUDICIAL DISCRETION BY URGING LEGISLATIVELY PRESCRIBED MAXIMUM SENTENCES WHICH ARE DETERMINATE. HOWEVER, THIS DOES NOT CONSTITUTE MANDATORY SENTENCING BECAUSE JUDGES DO HAVE DISCRETION TO GIVE INCARCERATION, CUSTODIAL, OR NONCUSTODIAL SANCTION. THESE OPTIONS INCLUDE JUDGES' DISCRETION TO GRANT A 5 PERCENT REDUCTION FOR GOOD BEHAVIOR AFTER COURT REVIEW, NOMINAL OR CONDITIONAL DISPOSITIONS, AND INTERMITTENT OR CONTINUOUS INCARCERATIONS. JUDGES MUST GIVE VALID AND WRITTEN REASONS FOR THEIR DECISION OF CUSTODIAL OR INCARCERATION SANCTION. THE STANDARDS ASK FOR THE RELEASE FROM ADULT JAILS OF THE APPROXIMATELY 90 PERCENT OF INCARCERATED JUVENILES WHO HAVE NOT COMMITTED VIOLENT CRIMES, WHILE ALSO ASKING THAT ATTORNEYS FOR BOTH SIDES BE INVOLVED IN THIS PROCESS. OPPOSITION TO THE STANDARDS SEES AN END TO INDIVIDUALIZED JUSTICE, REDUCED JUDICIAL POWER, LACK OF HELP FOR STATUS OFFENDERS, NO SOCIAL HISTORY REVIEWS FOR DISPOSITIONAL DECISIONMAKING, AND WEAKENED DETERRENT EFFECTS THROUGH THE INTRODUCTION OF PLEA BARGAINS. OPPOSITION ALSO OBJECTED TO THE SECRECY EMPLOYED BY THE JOINT COMMISSION WHICH WROTE THE STANDARDS.
Index Term(s): Judicial decisions; Judicial process; Juvenile court procedures; Juvenile justice standards; Tape recordings
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. FOR ENTIRE KIT, SEE NCJ-67682.
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