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NCJ Number: 67707 Find in a Library
Title: HISTORICALLY CONDITIONED NATURE OF CRIME AND THE BASIC LINES OF CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN THE GDR (GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC)
Journal: STAAT UND RECHT  Volume:26  Issue:11  Dated:(NOVEMBER 1977)  Pages:1147-1156
Author(s): W HENNIG; J LEKSCHAS
Corporate Author: Akademie Fuer Staats- und Rechtswissenschaft Der Ddr
Germany (Unified)
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Akademie Fuer Staats- und Rechtswissenschaft Der Ddr
Potsdam-Babelsberg, Germany United
Format: Article
Language: German
Country: East Germany (Former)
Annotation: THE NATURE AND CAUSES OF CRIME IN SOCIALIST SOCIETY AS WELL AS PROPOSED GENERAL RESEARCH DIRECTIONS FOR CRIMINOLOGY ARE OUTLINED.
Abstract: CRIME IS VIEWED HISTORICALLY AS THE PRODUCT OF CLASS SOCIETIES WITH PRIVATE OWNERSHIP OF THE MEANS OF PRODUCTION WHICH BREEDS EXPLOITATION, ANTAGONISMS BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS AS WELL AS BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS AND SOCIETY, AND EGOISM DESTRUCTIVE TO HUMAN AND COMMUNITY INTERESTS. DEVIANT BEHAVIOR, IMPOSSIBLE IN A PERFECTED COMMUNIST SOCIETY WHERE SOCIAL CONDITIONS, LIFESTYLES, AND HUMAN PERSONALITIES HAVE BEEN RADICALLY ALTERED, REMAINS IN SOCIALISM, THE TRANSITIONAL STAGE FROM CAPITALISM TO COMMUNISM. CRIME IN SOCIALIST SOCIETIES IS NOT REBELLION AGAINST PREVAILING CONDITIONS BUT A CONSEQUENCE OF THE RELICTS (REMNANTS) OF CAPITALIST SOCIETY. THE CAUSES OF RESIDUAL CRIME CAN ONLY BE UNDERSTOOD IN THE TOTAL COMPLEX OF SOCIALIST SOCIETY BY STUDYING THE INTEGRATION OF LIVING CONDITIONS, LIFE STYLES, AND HUMAN PERSONALITIES. CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH SHOULD DETERMINE THE NATURE OF CAPITALIST RELICTS WHICH INDUCE CRIME SO THAT THEY CAN BE ELIMINATED. THE CONNECTIONS OF RELICTS TO CHANGING SOCIAL CONDITIONS SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED. CRIMINOLOGISTS SHOULD STUDY EFFECTS OF THE RELICTS AND HOW THEY ARE TRANSMITTED TO GENERATIONS UNFAMILIAR WITH CAPITALIST SOCIETY, REEMERGING IN SOCIALIST SOCIETY AND CONTINUING TO GENERATE CRIME. THE AVOIDABLE DISPROPORTIONS AND CONFLICTS IN SOCIALIST DEVELOPMENT MUST BE REVEALED AND CORRECTED. TO THIS END THE LIVING CONDITIONS, LIFESTYLES, AND PERSONALITIES OF OFFENDERS, AS WELL AS THEIR CONFLICTS WITH SOCIAL STRUCTURE MUST BE EXAMINED WITH A MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH. NOTES ARE SUPPLIED. --IN GERMAN. (KMD)
Index Term(s): Capitalism; Crime Causes; German Democratic Republic; Marxism; Research programs; Social organization; Socialism
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67707

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