skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 67765 Find in a Library
Title: DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH DESIGN OF THE CORRECTIONAL EMPLOYEE AT THE STATE REGIONAL CORRECTIONAL FACILITY AT MERCER
Author(s): W S THORNSLEY
Corporate Author: Pennsylvania Bureau of Corrections
Planning and Research Division
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 117
Sponsoring Agency: Pennsylvania Bureau of Corrections
Camp Hill, PA 17011
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY OF ATTITUDES AND PERCEPTIONS OF 51 CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS BEFORE AND AFTER 10 MONTHS OF EMPLOYMENT AT THE PENNSYLVANIA REGIONAL CORRECTIONAL FACILITY SHOWS A SHIFT IN REHABILITATION PHILOSOPHY.
Abstract: ALTHOUGH THE STUDY FOCUSES ON THE 51 CORRECTIONAL OFFICERS THAT WERE IN THE TRAINING CLASS BEFORE THE FACILITY OPENED IN 1978, 40 OTHER NEW EMPLOYEES IN VARIOUS CATEGORIES ARE INCLUDED FOR COMPARISON. WHILE THE MAJORITY OF TRAINEES IN BOTH THE FIRST AND SECOND PHASES INDICATED THAT THEY 'PREFERRED THE RE-EDUCATION OF THE INMATE,' AS OPPOSED TO MORE PUNISHMENT, THE PERCENTAGE INCREASED SUBSTANTIALLY AFTER EMPLOYMENT AS GUARDS. THERE WAS A SLIGHT PERCENTAGE DECLINE IN THOSE 'STRONGLY OPPOSED TO PUNISHMENT.' NOT ONE OFFICER INDICATED A NEUTRAL FEELING TOWARD PUNISHMENT AFTER EMPLOYMENT, WHEREAS 15 PERCENT WERE NEUTRAL BEFORE TRAINING. WHEN QUESTIONED DIRECTLY, 61 PERCENT FAVORED SOME PUNISHMENT AND 9 PERCENT SEVERE PUNISHMENT. A TOTAL OF 90.32 PERCENT FAVORED CAPITAL PUNISHMENT, 3.22 PERCENT (ONLY 1 OFFICER) WERE OPPOSED, AND 6.45 PERCENT WERE NOT SURE. BEFORE EMPLOYMENT, TWO-THIRDS BELIEVED REHABILITATION SHOULD BE THE PRINCIPAL AIM OF IMPRISONMENT; AFTER EMPLOYMENT, 42 PERCENT BELIEVED IT SHOULD BE THE PROTECTION OF SOCIETY. THERE WERE TWO OPINIONS ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF REHABILITATION: 54 PERCENT CALLED PRISON REHABILITATION SOMEWHAT EFFECTIVE, 45 PERCENT SAID REHABILITATION DEPENDED ON THE OFFENDER'S OWN INITIATIVE. TABLES PRESENT THE STUDY STATISTICS. COPIES OF THE SURVEY INSTRUMENTS, TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS, AND COMMENTS ARE INCLUDED. ABI GLR
Index Term(s): Correctional Officers; Custody vs treatment conflict; Pennsylvania; Work attitudes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67765

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.