skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 67831 Find in a Library
Title: PATH ANALYSIS OF THREE INTERPRETATIONS OF THE STRUCTURAL CAUSES FOR THE INVOCATION OF FORMAL SOCIAL SANCTIONS - CRIMINAL SENTENCING IN FEDERAL DISTRICT COURTS
Author(s): P D JACKSON
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 177
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THREE THEORETICAL MODELS ARE COMPARED BY PATH ANALYSIS AND THEN EVALUATED FOR THEIR ABILITY TO EXPLAIN VARIANCE IN THE SENTENCING PATTERNS OF THE FEDERAL DISTRICT COURTS SERVING THE 50 STATES.
Abstract: THE THREE MODELS CHOSEN FOR COMPARISON OF CAUSAL SEQUENCES PROMOTING VARIABILITY IN DISTRICT COURT SENTENCING WERE: (1) EMILE DURKHEIM'S FUNCTIONAL MODEL, (2) RICHARD QUINNEY'S POWER ELITE INTERPRETATION, AND (3) WILLIAM CHAMBLISS' SYSTEMIC STRAIN INTERPRETATION. AN ABSTRACT DESCRIPTION OF EACH IS FOLLOWED BY SPECIFICATION OF MIDDLE RANGE THEORETICAL MODELS OF FORMAL SOCIAL CONTROL. IMPLICITLY INCORPORATED WITHIN THE SYSTEMIC STRAIN MODEL IS A CAUSAL ORDER BETWEEN JUDICIAL CASELOADS, USE OF COUNSEL, AND TYPE OF HEARING. NEXT, AN ANALYSIS OF THE ALLOCATION OF DISTRICT COURTS BY STATE, THE PATTERNS OF CRIMINAL ACTIVITY IDENTIFIED BY THE FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM, AND A DELINEATION OF THE USE OF SENTENCING ALTERNATIVES BY FEDERAL JUDGES RESULTED IN A TEMPORAL SEQUENCE OF MEASURABLE VARIABLES. THEN EACH MODEL WAS EMPIRICALLY TESTED BY MULTIVARIATE ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES TO DETERMINE ITS ABILITY TO EXPLAIN SENTENCING PATTERNS IN THE FEDERAL DISTRICT COURT SYSTEM. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT THE SYSTEMIC STRAIN MODEL PRESENTS A MORE COMPREHENSIVE EXPLANATION OF THE SEVERITY OF SENTENCES IMPOSED IN FEDERAL DISTRICT COURTS. THE CONCLUDING CHAPTER PRESENTS A HEURISTICALLY RESPECIFIED MODEL AND OFFERS MODIFIED THEORETICAL PROPOSITIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH ON FEDERAL DISTRICT COURTS' SENTENCING PATTERNS. FIGURES, TABLES, AND APPROXIMATELY 120 REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): District Courts; Models; Sentencing/Sanctions; Statistical analysis
Note: SPECIAL PRICES FOR ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS. KENT STATE UNIVERSITY - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67831

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.