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NCJ Number: 67944 Find in a Library
Title: COMPARISONS OF THE NAVY ALCOHOL SAFETY ACTION PROGRAM WITH OTHER ALCOHOL REHABILITATION PROGRAMS
Author(s): D KOLB; P COBEN; E K E GUNDERSON
Corporate Author: US Dept of the Navy
Naval Health Research Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of the Navy
Bethesda, MD 20014
US Dept of the Navy
San Diego, CA 92152
US Dept of the Navy
Washington, DC 20370
Publication Number: N0002278F088AFZ; M0096-PN.001-1034
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS STUDY COMPARES THE NAVY ALCOHOL SAFETY ACTION PROGRAM (NASAP), WHICH IS DIRECTED TOWARD THE EARLY IDENTIFICATION OF ALCOHOL ABUSE AMONG NAVY PERSONNEL, WITH OTHER ALCOHOL REHABILITATION PROGRAMS.
Abstract: STUDY OBJECTIVES WERE TO COMPARE POSTTREATMENT EFFECTIVENESS FOR NASAP AND ALCOHOL REHABILITATION PARTICIPANTS; DETERMINE CORRELATES OF POSTTREATMENT EFFECTIVENESS FOR BOTH POPULATIONS; ESTIMATE THE EXTENT OF ALCOHOLISM AMONG NASAP PARTICIPANTS; COMPARE OUTCOMES AMONG INDIVIDUAL NASAP FACILITIES; AND EXAMINE RATES OF DISCIPLINARY DIFFICULTIES BEFORE AND AFTER TREATMENT FOR BOTH NASAP AND REHABILITATION PARTICIPANTS. RESEARCHERS ANALYZED THE RECORDS OF 3,435 NAVY ENLISTED MEN ADMITTED TO NASAP IN 1977 OR 1978 ALONG WITH 5,481 MEN ADMITTED TO OTHER ALCOHOL REHABILITATION FACILITIES DURING THE SAME PERIOD. THESE TWO POPULATIONS WERE DIVIDED INTO GROUPS OF MEN 25 YEARS OLD OR YOUNGER AND 26 YEARS OLD OR OLDER AND ASKED TO FILL OUT QUESTIONNAIRES. THE COMPLETED QUESTIONNAIRES POINTED TO FIVE VARIABLES AS FACTORS IN EARLY IDENTIFICATION: (1) ALCOHOLIC BY BEHAVIORAL CRITERIA; (2) FAMILY ALCOHOLISM; (3) SOCIOPATHY; (4) EARLIEST AGE ALCOHOL PROBLEM; AND (5) FAMILY SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS. IT WAS FOUND THAT 88 PERCENT OF THE NASAP YOUNGER PARTICIPANTS AND 97 PERCENT OF THE NASAP OLDER PARTICIPANTS WERE EFFECTIVELY TREATED BY THE PROGRAM. FOR REHABILITATION PARTICIPANTS, THE RATES OF EFFECTIVENESS WERE 75 PERCENT FOR YOUNGER AND 92 PERCENT FOR OLDER. THE BEST INDICATOR FOR ESTIMATING THE EXTENT AMONG THE NASAP PARTICIPANTS WAS THE VARIABLE ALCOHOLIC BY BEHAVIORAL CRITERIA WHICH IDENTIFIED 20 PERCENT OF THE NASAP POPULATION AS ALCOHOLIC. WHILE EFFECTIVENESS RATES WERE VERY HIGH FOR BOTH NASAP AND REHABILITATION PROGRAMS, BOTH YOUNGER AND OLDER NASAP PARTICIPANTS HAD SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER EFFECTIVENESS RATES THAN OTHER REHABILITATION PROGRAMS. THE STUDY RECOMMENDS THAT THE SOCIOPATHY SCALE OR AN ALTERNATIVE SCALE REFLECTING DISCIPLINARY HISTORY SHOULD BE USED TO SCREEN OUT YOUNGER MEN WHO ARE LEAST LIKELY TO BE EFFECTIVE IN THE NAVY, WHILE THE ALCOHOLIC BY BEHAVIORAL CRITERIA SCALE SHOULD BE USED AS A SCREENING TOOL TO AID IN APPROPRIATE REFERRAL TO NASAP OR OTHER REHABILITATION PROGRAMS. TABLES AND A REPORT FORM ARE INCLUDED. (JLF)
Index Term(s): Alcoholism treatment programs; Comparative analysis; Services effectiveness; US Navy
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67944

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