skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 67973 Find in a Library
Title: EMERGENCY DRIVING SKILLS, PART 5 - EXECUTING THE DRIVING DECISION
Author(s): ANONYMOUS
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 44
Publication Number: UNIT 37
Document: PDF
Type: Training (Handbook/Manual)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS MANUAL GIVES EMERGENCY VEHICLE DRIVERS INFORMATION ON STEERING, ACCELERATION, BRAKING, TIRE PERFORMANCE, AND FORCES ACTING ON MOVING VEHICLES, TO IMPROVE THEIR DRIVING DECISIONS.
Abstract: STEERING DEPENDS UPON A VEHICLE'S ABILITY TO TRAVEL IN A STRAIGHT LINE AND TURN A CORNER WITHOUT GOING OUT OF CONTROL. ROAD CONDITIONS, VEHICLE UPKEEP, AND OTHER FACTORS WILL INFLUENCE STEERING. TRACTION, AND CENTRIFUGAL AND CENTRIPETAL FORCES WILL AFFECT A MOVING VEHICLE, AND TIRES MUST PROVIDE SUFFICIENT TRACTION AT ALL TIMES. PROPER TIRE CONSTRUCTION, TIRE PRESSURE, AND TREAD DEPTH ARE DISCUSSED AS HELPING THE DRIVER MANEUVER HIS VEHICLE; RADIAL PLY TIRES PROVIDE THE MOST TRACTION. TRACTION PROBLEMS DISCUSSED INCLUDE HYDROPLANING, SLIDING TIRES, AND BAD ROAD SURFACES. STOPPING TIME AND DISTANCE ARE DETERMINED BY ROAD CONDITIONS, VEHICLE CONDITION, BRAKING DISTANCE (A FUNCTION OF SPEED), AND DRIVER REACTION TIME. THE TOTAL TIME FROM SEEING THE NEED TO STOP TO BRINGING THE VEHICLE TO A TOTAL STOP INCREASES DRAMATICALLY WITH THE VEHICLE'S SPEED: WHILE IT TAKES ONLY 2 SECONDS TO STOP AT 30 MILES PER HOUR, IT WILL TAKE 30 SECONDS AT 60 MILES PER HOUR. A DRIVER'S HANDS SHOULD GRIP THE STEERING WHEEL AT THE 9 O'CLOCK - 3 O'CLOCK POSITION (AS THOUGH THE WHEEL WERE A CLOCKFACE) FOR GREATEST CONTROL, AND NO DRIVER SHOULD DRIVE ONE-HANDED IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS. FINALLY, SAFETY BELTS CAN HELP DRIVERS REMAIN POSITIONED AT THE WHEEL TO MAKE LAST MINUTE MANEUVERS WHEN A VEHICLE IS SLIDING OUT OF CONTROL. TESTS AND TEST KEYS, ILLUSTRATIONS, AND TABLES ARE INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Driver training; Emergency vehicles; Equipment maintenance and storage; Highway safety; Vehicle equipment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=67973

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.