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NCJ Number: 68003 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: SENTENCING THE WHITE-COLLAR OFFENDER
Journal: AMERICAN CRIMINAL LAW REVIEW  Volume:17  Issue:4  Dated:(SPRING 1980)  Pages:479-500
Author(s): K MANN; S WHEELER; A SARAT
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 75-NI-99-0127
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: BASED UPON INTERVIEWS WITH 51 FEDERAL DISTRICT JUDGES IN FEDERAL DISTRICTS, THIS PAPER EXAMINES SENTENCING POLICIES FOR WHITE-COLLAR OFFENDERS.
Abstract: INTERVIEWS WERE DESIGNED TO HAVE EACH JUDGE EXPLAIN SENTENCING VIEWS ON THE BASIS OF RECENT WHITE-COLLAR CASES. GENERALLY, THE JUDGES EXPRESSED A TENSION IN SENTENCING BASED ON A CONCERN TO PROVIDE GENERAL DETERRENCE THROUGH SENTENCING AND A DESIRE TO INDIVIDUALIZE SENTENCING BY TAKING INTO ACCOUNT OFFENDER ATTRIBUTES AND BACKGROUND. IN TRYING TO RESOLVE THIS TENSION, MANY JUDGES ARRIVED AT SENTENCES THEY PERCEIVED AS HAVING A DETERRENT EFFECT, BUT THEY DID NOT IMPOSE EXTENDED PRISON STAYS. FAMILY, OCCUPATIONAL, AND COMMUNITY TIES OF OFFENDERS, ALONG WITH ABSENCE OF PRIOR OFFENSES, TENDED TO INFLUENCE JUDGES' SENTENCING DECISIONS REGARDING FINES, PROBATION, AND/OR SHORT PRISON TERMS. THE CONVICTION'S UNDERMINING OF OFFENDERS OCCUPATIONAL STATUS AND MARKETABILITY, ALONG WITH STIGMATIZATION IN THE COMMUNITY, WERE CONSIDERED BY MANY JUDGES TO CONSTITUTE A UNIQUE PUNISHMENT FOR WHITE-COLLAR OFFENDERS. THIS MADE THE ADDED IMPOSITION OF IMPRISONMENT UNNECESSARY. VICTIM COMPENSATION AND REPARATIONS WERE ALSO PRIMARY IN SENTENCING POLICY. THE INTERVIEWS REPEATEDLY EVIDENCED THE JUDGES' EMPATHY FOR OFFENDERS WHOSE SOCIOECONOMIC POSITION WAS SIMILAR TO THEIR OWN. THE DISRUPTION AND PAIN OF IMPRISONMENT WAS VIEWED BY THE JUDGES AS BEING MUCH GREATER FOR THE TYPICAL WHITE-COLLAR OFFENDER THAN FOR THE STREET OFFENDER. CLEARLY, SPECIAL FACTORS ARE BROUGHT INTO PLAY WHEN CONSIDERING SENTENCING FOR WHITE-COLLAR OFFENDERS. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Judicial discretion; Sentencing/Sanctions; Surveys; White collar crime
Note: PRESENTED AT THE WHITE-COLLAR CRIME SYMPOSIUM, 1980
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68003

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