skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 68055 Find in a Library
Title: JUDICIAL MEANS FOR RESTRICTING THE INFLUENCE OF THE MASS MEDIA ON CRIMINALITY
Journal: REVUE INTERNATIONALE DE CRIMINOLOGIE ET DE POLICE TECHNIQUE  Volume:32  Issue:3  Dated:(JULY/SEPTEMBER 1979)  Pages:249-274
Author(s): D GUITON
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 26
Format: Article
Language: French
Country: Switzerland
Annotation: ASPECTS OF FRENCH LAW ARE DISCUSSED, IN THE FIRST OF TWO ARTICLES, IN TERMS OF THE NEGATIVE INFLUENCES THE MASS MEDIA HAS ON CRIME.
Abstract: ATTENTION IS GIVEN TO THE CYCLE OF NEGATIVE PUBLICITY, FEAR, INSECURITY, AND INCITEMENT TO VIOLENCE THAT IS ALLEGEDLY PRODUCED BY THE MASS MEDIA'S PORTRAYAL OF VIOLENT CRIME. THE WAYS IN WHICH MASS MEDIA AFFECTS CRIMINALITY ARE EXAMINED, INCLUDING THE THEORY THAT PERSONS LIABLE TO COMMIT CRIMES ARE APT TO IMITATE WHAT THEY SEE OR HEAR THROUGH THE MASS MEDIA AND THE THEORY THAT MASS MEDIA COVERAGE HAS A CATHARTIC AFFECT ON POTENTIAL OFFENDERS. WAYS IN WHICH MASS MEDIA PORTRAYALS OF VIOLENCE CAN BLUNT THE PUBLIC'S SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS ARE ALSO DISCUSSED. JUDICIAL MEANS FOR RESTRICTING THIS INFLUENCE ARE INTRODUCED AS LAWS THAT MUST RESPECT BOTH THE FREEDOM OF THE PRESS AND THE PROTECTION OF THE PUBLIC FROM CRIMINOGENIC ELEMENTS. CONSIDERATION IS GIVEN TO JUDICIAL MEANS FOR RESTRICTING THE INDIRECT INFLUENCE OF THE MASS MEDIA ON CRIMINALITY, WITH FURTHER EMPHASIS ON THE MEDIA'S ACCURACY IN RECOUNTING THE FACTS SURROUNDING A CRIME. JUDICIAL MEANS FOR PREVENTING MASS MEDIA'S INFLUENCE ON PUBLIC OPINION BEFORE JUDICIAL DECISIONS ARE MADE ARE EXPLORED, WITH ATTENTION TO THREE FRENCH LAWS--THE LAW OF JULY 29, 1881; ARTICLE 227 OF THE PENAL CODE; AND ARTICLE 111 OF THE CODE FOR PENAL PROCEDURE. FINALLY, JUDICIAL MEANS FOR PREVENTING EXCESSIVE MASS MEDIA CRITICISM OF JUDICIAL DECISIONS (WHICH MAY INCITE WELL-WISHERS TO VIOLENCE) ARE DISCUSSED IN TERMS OF ARTICLES 226 AND 15 OF THE PENAL CODE. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. --IN FRENCH.
Index Term(s): Crime Causes; Deviance; Media coverage; Pretrial publicity; Psychological theories; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Violence on television
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68055

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.