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NCJ Number: 68059 Find in a Library
Title: MEDICAL TOXICOLOGY - THE ORGANIZATION OF LYONS (FRANCE)
Journal: BULLETIN MEDECINE LEGALE, TOXICOLOGIE  Volume:22  Issue:5  Dated:(SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 1979)  Pages:569-581
Author(s): L ROCHE
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 13
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: French
Country: France
Annotation: THE BACKGROUND, SERVICES, AND PROSPECTS OF THE LEADING FRENCH TOXICOLOGICAL HOSPITAL ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: THE FIRST TOXICOLOGICAL COUNSELING SERVICE ESTABLISHED IN LYON IN 1944 HAS NOW GROWN INTO A COMPLEX WARD AT THE EDOUARD-HERRIOT HOSPITAL. 'CLINICAL TOXOLOGY' IS DEFINED AS THE CLINICAL, BIOLOGICAL, ANATOMICAL, AND PSYCHOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF ALL TYPES OF POISON VICTIMS. IT AIMS AT TREATING PATIENTS, NOTIFYING OFFICIAL AGENCIES, AND PREVENTING FURTHER INCIDENTS. THE ANTI-POISON CENTER FURNISHES DOCUMENTATION AND AROUND-THE-CLOCK INFORMATION VIA TELEPHONE, AND ANALYZES AND PROCESSES INFORMATION RECEIVED. 'TOXICOVIGILANCE' REFERS TO THE SURVEILLANCE OF HIGH-RISK CLIENTS (SUICIDAL PERSONS, ADDICTS) BY HOSPITAL TEAMS CONSISTING OF NURSES, ANALYSTS, AND SOCIAL WORKERS. THE LYON TOXICOLOGY UNIT CONSISTS OF FIVE SECTIONS: A 10-BED EMERGENCY UNIT, THE ANTI-POISON CENTER, THE PHARMACOVIGILANCE UNIT (WHICH INCLUDES A DATA COLLECTION SERVICE), THE TOXICOLOGICAL LABORATORY, AND THE PSYCHIATRIC UNIT. A VAST INFORMATION PROCESSING NETWORK, INCLUDING FOUR LOCAL PUBLIC INFORMATION SERVICES, ANALYZES INFORMATION, PROMOTES NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION, AND PUBLISHES ITS OWN CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS. STUDIES ON THE CAUSES OF POISONINGS AND ON NEW POTENTIALLY POISONOUS MEDICATION ARE PLANNED. THE CHIEF PROBLEMS WILL BE THE LACK OF TRAINED AND HIGHLY SPECIALIZED STAFF. --IN FRENCH.
Index Term(s): Drug analysis; Drug detoxification; Drug research; Facilities; France; Hazardous substances or materials; Hospitals; Medical and dental services; Poisons and poison analysis; Team treatment
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