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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 68090 Find in a Library
Title: CHANGING VIEWS ON CAPITAL PUNISHMENT (THE NEW YORK TIMES FILMSTRIP ON CURRENT AFFAIRS SERIES)
Author(s): H HALL; J E TESAR
Corporate Author: Educational Enrichment Materials
United States of America
Project Director: G ISAACSON
Date Published: 1977
Sponsoring Agency: Educational Enrichment Materials
Bedford Hills, NY 10507
Not Available Through National Institute of Justice/NCJRS Document Loan Program
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: Not Available Through National Institute of Justice/NCJRS Document Loan Program
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Educational Enrichment Materials
357 Adams Street
Bedford Hills, NY 10507
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS SOUND FILMSTRIP LOOKS AT THE STATUS OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN THE U.S., AS OF 1977, AND OPPOSING PHILOSOPHIES ON THE DEATH PENALTY; HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT ARE ALSO REVIEWED.
Abstract: A MORAL DILEMMA FOR AMERICANS IS WHETHER THE DEATH PENALTY IS NEEDED TO DISCOURAGE VIOLENT CRIMES SUCH AS MURDER OR WHETHER IT CONTRADICTS THE IDEALS AND PRINCIPLES OF AMERICA TODAY. THERE IS NO EVIDENCE THAT THE FRAMERS OF THE CONSTITUTION OPPOSED CAPITAL PUNISHMENT, ALTHOUGH THE EIGHTH AMENDMENT OF THE BIL OF RIGHTS PROHIBITS 'CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT.' THE 1972 U.S. SUPREME COURT RULING ON THE DEATH PENALTY, DESIGNATING IT AS CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT, WAS MADE BECAUSE STATES WERE IMPOSING IT ARBITRARILY, USUALLY ON BLACKS, THE POOR, AND THE IGNORANT. SINCE THIS RULING, 35 STATES HAVE ADOPTED NEW DEATH PENALTY LAWS DESIGNED TO MEET THE COURT'S OBJECTIONS. TODAY, THERE ARE TWO MAJOR CATEGORIES FOR THE DEATH SENTENCE--MAJOR ASSAULTS UPON PERSONS, SUCH AS MURDER, KIDNAPPING, AND RAPE, AND THE POLITICAL CRIMES OF ESPIONAGE AND TREASON. AT LEAST 45 NATIONS, INCLUDING MOST OF THE WESTERN DEMOCRACIES, HAVE ABANDONED CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN PRACTICE, IF NOT IN LAW. MANY STATES IN THE U.S. HAVE NO PROVISION FOR THE DEATH PENALTY. OTHERS PROVIDE THE DEATH PENALTY ONLY FOR SPECIFIC CRIMES, SUCH AS KILLING A POLICE OFFICER OR ASSASSINATING A STATE GOVERNOR. ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST THE DEATH PENALTY ARE PRESENTED, BUT THE AUDIENCE IS INVITED TO REACH ITS OWN CONCLUSIONS. THE KIT CONTAINS A COLOR FILMSTRIP, AN AUDIO CASSETTE, A WORKSHEET, AND A DISCUSSION MANUAL. (PRG)
Index Term(s): Audiovisual aids; Bill of Rights; Capital punishment; Cruel and unusual punishment; Deterrence; Judicial decisions; Punishment; US Supreme Court
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. THE KIT CONTAINS A COLOR FILMSTRIP, AN AUDIOCASSETTE, A WORKSHEET, AND A 10 PAGE DISCUSSION MANUAL.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68090

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