skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 68113 Find in a Library
Title: MENTALLY RETARDED OFFENDER AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE PERSONNEL
Journal: EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN  Volume:46  Issue:1  Dated:(SEPTEMBER 1979)  Pages:16-22
Author(s): J SCHILIT
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: State University College of New York at Buffalo
Buffalo, NY 14222
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE QUESTION OF WHETHER MENTALLY RETARDED OFFENDERS, CAUGHT IN THEIR INTRICACIES AND COMPLEXITIES OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, RECEIVE EQUITABLE JUSTICE IS EXPLORED FROM A SPECIAL EDUCATION EXPERT'S VIEWPOINT.
Abstract: AN EDUCATOR OF EXCEPTIONAL STUDENTS INVESTIGATED THE CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY OF MENTALLY RETARDED OFFENDERS WHO COME INTO CONTACT WITH THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. WHETHER THEIR LIMITED CULPABILITY IS RECOGNIZED BY CRIMINAL JUSTICE PERSONNEL DEPENDS ON SUCH OFFENDERS BEING RECOGNIZED AS MENTALLY RETARDED BY POLICE INVESTIGATORS, ATTORNEYS, AND TRIAL JUDGES. TO DETERMINE THE EXTENT OF KNOWLEDGE CONCERNING, AND EXPERIENCE WITH, MENTALLY RETARDED INDIVIDUALS ON THE PART OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE PERSONNEL, A SURVEY WAS CONDUCTED OF THREE GROUPS OF SUBJECTS IN NEW YORK (100 MEMBERS OF THE BUFFALO POLICE DEPARTMENT, 75 LAWYERS PRACTICING IN ERIE COUNTY, AND 35 PRESIDING JUDGES IN ERIE COUNTY) BY MEANS OF QUESTIONNAIRES INTENDED TO TEST THEIR KNOWLEDGE OF THE SYMPTOMS AND NATURE OF MENTAL RETARDATION. NONE OF THE RESPONDENTS HAD RECEIVED ANY TRAINING IN THIS AREA. THE RESULTS OF THE SURVEY INDICATE THAT CONFUSION OCCURS AT ALL LEVELS, AND THE DISPENSING OF JUSTICE TO MENTALLY RETARDED OFFENDERS MIGHT NOT ALWAYS BE EQUITABLE; SOME DEFENDANTS MAY BE INAPPROPRIATELY SENTENCED AND COMMITTED, WHILE OTHERS MAY NOT BE PUNISHED FOR SERIOUS CRIMES AGAINST SOCIETY. THE MAJORITY OF THE RESPONDENTS IN ALL THREE GROUPS SURVEYED (84 PERCENT) EXPRESSED WILLINGNESS TO BE TRAINED IN MENTAL RETARDATION. A SAMPLE QUESTIONNAIRE AND 10 REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Attitudes; Attorneys; Competency to stand trial; Criminal responsibility; Judges; Offenders with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities; Police attitudes; Police personnel
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68113

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.