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NCJ Number: 68126 Find in a Library
Title: DEALING WITH VIOLENT OFFENDERS - PAROLE
Journal: SASD BULLETIN  Issue:6  Dated:(FEBRUARY 1980)  Pages:49-53
Author(s): P BARRY
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 5
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THIS SPEECH SUPPORTS THE USE OF THE PAROLE SYSTEM AS A SERVICE TO THE COMMUNITY, BUT IT EMPHASIZES THE NEED FOR CONTINUING EXAMINATION OF PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES, ESPECIALLY THE VALIDITY OF THE CRITERIA.
Abstract: THE JUSTIFICATION FOR THE PAROLE SYSTEM LIES IN THE VALUE OF THE PRINCIPLES ON WHICH PAROLE WAS ESTABLISHED (I.E., THE REVIEWABLE SENTENCE AND CONDITIONAL DISCHARGE). THE 1967 CRIMINAL JUSTICE ACT ESTABLISHES THE PRINCIPLE OF THE REVIEWABLE SENTENCE, AND PROVIDES THAT WHEN SENTENCE IS REDUCED, THE PERIOD BETWEEN RELEASE AND THE END OF THE SENTENCE IS UNDER CONDITIONAL DISCHARGE. THE RIGHT TO GRANT SUCH CONDITIONAL DISCHARGE REQUIRES A RECOMMENDATION OF THE PAROLE BOARD WHICH MUST RELY ON DOCUMENTATION OF INDIVIDUALS BY JUDGES, PSYCHIATRISTS, AND THOSE SKILLED IN THE TREATMENT OF OFFENDERS. BUT DECISIONS ARE OFTEN WHOLLY SUBJECTIVE. AN URGENT NEED EXISTS FOR RESEARCH INTO THE CONTINUING VAILIDITY OF THE CRITERIA ON WHICH DECISIONS ARE MADE. THE PAROLE SYSTEM HAS MADE SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTIONS TO PENAL PROGRESS: MOST PRISONERS COMPLETE THEIR PAROLE SATISFACTORILY; AND THOSE WHO DO RE-OFFEND RARELY COMMIT OFFENSES AS GRAVE AS THOSE FOR WHICH THEY WERE SERVING SENTENCE. THE GREATEST FAILURES OF THE PAROLE SYSTEM ARE THE UNSEEN ONES--THOSE WHICH THE SYSTEM REFUSED TO PAROLE BECAUSE FALSELY BASED CRITERIA WERE NOT MET. WE WILL EITHER CONTINUE TO BELIEVE IN THE PRINCIPLES ON WHICH OUR SYSTEM IS BASED, OR CHANGE IT FOR A WHOLLY JUDICIAL SYSTEM.
Index Term(s): Parole; Parole board; Parole board discretion; Probation or parole decisionmaking; Scotland; Violent offenders
Note: PAPER PRESENTED AT THE ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE SCOTTISH ASSOCIATION FOR THE STUDY OF DELINQUENCY, NOVEMBER 9-11, 1979, AT PEEBLES (SCOTLAND)
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=68126

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